TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Wiki Services in Leopard Server Overview

Volume Number: 24 (2008)
Issue Number: 07
Column Tag: Wiki

Wiki Services in Leopard Server Overview

A "fast" introduction to wiki and blog services in OS X Server for the SysAdmin

by Ben Greisler

Wiki Wiki!

"Quick! Quick!" That is the rough translation of "wiki wiki" from the Hawaiian language, and we can thank Ward Cunningham for its inclusion in our daily lives.

By providing a quick way for groups to collaborate, and individuals to speak out, wiki and blog technologies have grown in popularity very quickly, no pun intended. People have found their voice and companies have found an effective way to provide communications amongst their employees. Apple has fed this need by providing wiki and blog services in Mac OS X 10.5 Server. We will take a look at these services, discuss some features and considerations for deployment.

Wiki Planning and Setup

There are several prerequisites when setting up wiki and blog services on Leopard Server:

The first gotcha is that the machine hosting the service needs to have a local OD Master running on it. Note, though, that the machine can also be connected to another directory service, too.

You need to have a website set up to present your wiki info. Protect this site the same way you would any other site, such as VPN-only access, or by using SSL.

Plan your storage. As you may find your users storing a lot of data as attachments to their blogs and wikis, make sure you have an appropriate amount of storage set aside.

Each website can be enabled for wiki and blog services. In Server Admin, go to Web and then pick the site you wish to enable. From there you can chose which wiki and blog services you want to enable and if you want to restrict to certain individuals and groups. In Workgroup Manager, pick which Groups are to have wiki and blog services and enable them in the Basic tab.


Fig. 1: Setting up wiki and blog services in Server Admin


Fig. 2: Enabling wiki services for a group in Workgroup Manager

File Locations

Wiki content is stored in /Library/Collaboration (default) with the following specific locations:

Group's services:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/

Wiki page components:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/wiki/pagename.page/

Main text, html content:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/wiki/pagename.page/page.html

Metadata:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/wiki/pagename.page/page.plist

Version history database:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/wiki/pagename.page/revisions.db

Graphics:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/pagename.page/images/

Attachments:

/Library/Collaboration/Groups/groupname/pagename.page/attachments/

Wiki folder structure:

# ls -l
total 8
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:56   ArchivedGroups
drwxr-x—   3   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   102   Apr   5   16:59   Groups
drwxr-x—   2    _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:56   Users
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   249   Apr   5   16:56   dataVersion.plist
# cd Groups/
# ls -l
total 0
drwxr-x—   10_teamsserver   _teamsserver   340   Apr   5   16:59   wikigroup
# cd wikigroup/
# ls -l
total 24
drwxr-x—   3   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   102   Apr   5   16:59   discussion
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   5120   Apr   5   16:59   index.db
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   mailinglist
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   432   Apr   5   16:59   metadata.plist
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   public
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   resources
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   weblog
drwxr-x—   3   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   102   Apr   5   16:59   wiki
# cd wiki/
# ls -l
total 0
drwxr-x—   7   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   238   Apr   5   16:59   welcome.page
# cd welcome.page/
# ls -l
total 32
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   attachments
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   16:59   images
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   427   Apr   5   16:59   page.html
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   730   Apr   5   16:59   page.plist
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   5120   Apr   5   16:59   revisions.db

Blog content is stored in /Library/Collaboration (default) with the following specific locations:

User's blog:

/Library/Collaboration/Users/(username)/

Blog folder structure:

# cd /Library/Collaboration/Users/
# ls -l
total 0
drwxr-x—   8   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   272   Apr   5   17:09   wikiuser1
# cd wikiuser1/
# ls -l
total 24
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   17:09   discussion
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   5120   Apr   5   17:09   index.db
-rw-r–—   1   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   479   Apr   5   17:10   metadata.plist
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   17:09   public
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   17:09   resources
drwxr-x—   2   _teamsserver   _teamsserver   68   Apr   5   17:09   weblog

Other files:

Note: These files may be overwritten during software updates and any modifications made in these directories might be nullified at that time.

Client side code:

/usr/share/collaboration/

Python code, help files, templates, etc:

/usr/share/wikid/

Wiki and Blog Security and Control

Being a web based technology, standard web security techniques can be used such as SSL. From the user control perspective you can control wiki access in the Web services list by placing the users and groups you want to allow. You can also use Service Access Control Lists (SACL's) from within Server Admin to determine which users and groups may or may not get access to blogs.

When enabling the group's access to web services in Workgroup Manger, you need to pick which website hosts the desired wiki, and then set the permissions for the group. There are pull-down menus for allowing who can edit the services and who can view then. The choices are:

Group members only: This will allow all users in the group access.

Some group members: Only group members with editing privileges can edit.

Authenticated users: Only users than can authenticate against the directory service.

Anyone: No authentication needed.


Fig. 3: Turn on SSL in Web services in Server Admin


Fig. 4: Setting up a Service Access Control List for blogs in Server Admin

Wiki Templates

Apple provides a set of themes and templates to provide a starting point for wikis and blogs. If you choose to modify a theme, make a copy of it and change the copy, not the original. Apple warns that the originals can be replaced or modified during a software update. It is also suggested to start with the wireframe template located at:

/Library/Application/Support/Apple/WikiServer/Themes/wireframe.wikitheme/


Fig. 5: Setting up the default template, attachment size and data store in Web services in Server Admin


Fig. 6: Default blog interface


Fig. 7: Default wiki interface

Storage Considerations

Blog and wiki entries can contain more than just text. You will find users placing pictures, video and audio into their posts. When you estimate your storage needs, also consider using some form of shared storage, such as Xsan2, if you will want some type of failover or redundant environment for hosting wiki and blog services.

Active Directory Integration Considerations

It is possible to use AD users with wiki and blogs, but due to the fact that the wiki server uses CRAM-MD5 authentication, and the AD plug-in for Open Directory doesn't, you need to allow clear text passwords for wikid. This would be the case if you have your wiki server bound to AD and running as an OD master. Keep in mind that to protect your users, you should be running SSL on the site hosting the wiki.

To enable clear text passwords for wikid, use "serveradmin" to run the following commands:

sudo serveradmin settings teams:enableClearTextAuth = yes
?sudo serveradmin stop teams
?sudo serveradmin start teams

Additional Gotcha's

While Apache2 is the default webserver in Leopard Server, it is possible to use Apache 1.3. If you choose to do this be aware that you shouldn't use SSL, as it will produce pages with http:// rather than https://. With SSL disabled you lose a front-line security defense.

To disable blog service while maintaining wikis, go to Workgroup Manager (with Inspector enabled) and pick Groups from the pulldown menu. Find the ServicesLocator attribute and click the disclosure triangle. Delete the entry that ends with ":blog" and save the changes.

Conclusion

From my experience out in the field, wiki and blog services, collaboration services in general, have really pushed the adoption of Leopard Server. In the past I have found people hesitant to update their server OS early in the new OS cycle, but the collaboration services in Leopard have made people take the chance and become early adopters.

There is more to be learned about wiki and blog services and it is maturing quickly. I have seen direct Apple responses in various lists and discussions and that indicates to me that Apple is taking wiki and blog services very seriously. We will see more development from Apple and third parties. I expect to see new templates become available from the aftermarket much like what we saw with Keynote.

I also expect we will learn more about wiki and blog services, such as the tidbit I heard that you may not need to run it on a local OD Master, but simply doing a trusted bind between your wiki and blog server to an OD Master may be enough. I haven't tested it at the time of the writing of the article, but I expect it will work.

Please provide your feedback to me so I may include it in future articles. You can send the feedback to: ben@kadimac.com


Ben Greisler is a Certified Apple Consultant and Trainer based in the Philadelphia metro area. He consults and teaches nationally and is a regular speaker at MacWorld. He has worked on major Apple deployments both nationally and internationally for schools, government, and enterprise-level organizations.

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Viber 11.9.1 - Send messages and make fr...
Viber lets you send free messages and make free calls to other Viber users, on any device and network, in any country! Viber syncs your contacts, messages and call history with your mobile device, so... Read more
Vallum 3.3.2 - $15.00
Vallum is a little tool that helps you monitor and block apps connections and throttle apps bandwidth. It is able to intercept connections at the application layer, and hold them while you decide... Read more
Microsoft OneNote 16.31 - Free digital n...
OneNote is your very own digital notebook. With OneNote, you can capture that flash of genius, that moment of inspiration, or that list of errands that's too important to forget. Whether you're at... Read more
Apple Pages 8.2.1 - Apple's word pr...
Apple Pages is a powerful word processor that gives you everything you need to create documents that look beautiful. And read beautifully. It lets you work seamlessly between Mac and iOS devices, and... Read more
Numbers 6.2.1 - Apple's spreadsheet...
With Apple Numbers, sophisticated spreadsheets are just the start. The whole sheet is your canvas. Just add dramatic interactive charts, tables, and images that paint a revealing picture of your data... Read more
f.lux 39.9873 - Adjusts the color of you...
f.lux makes the color of your computer's display adapt to the time of day, warm at night and like sunlight during the day. Ever notice how people texting at night have that eerie blue glow? Or wake... Read more
Deeper 2.5.0 - Enable hidden features in...
Deeper is a personalization utility for macOS which allows you to enable and disable the hidden functions of the Finder, Dock, QuickTime, Safari, iTunes, login window, Spotlight, and many of Apple's... Read more
NTFS 15.5.71 - Provides full read and wr...
NTFS breaks down the barriers between Windows and macOS. Paragon NTFS effectively solves the communication problems between the Mac system and NTFS. Write, edit, copy, move, delete files on NTFS... Read more
MTR 5.3.0.0 - The Mac's oldest and...
MTR (was MacTheRipper)--the Mac's oldest and smartest DVD-backup app. MTR - the complete toolbox, not a one-trick, point-and-click extractor. MTR is intended for making fair-use, backup copies of... Read more
Keynote 9.2.1 - Apple's presentatio...
Easily create gorgeous presentations with the all-new Keynote, featuring powerful yet easy-to-use tools and dazzling effects that will make you a very hard act to follow. The Theme Chooser lets you... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Black Desert Mobile gets an official rel...
Pearl Abyss has just announced that its highly-anticipated MMO, Black Desert Mobile, will launch globally for iOS and Android on December 11th. [Read more] | Read more »
Another Eden receives new a episode, cha...
Another Eden, WFS' popular RPG, has received another update that brings new story content to the game alongside a few new heroes to discover. [Read more] | Read more »
Overdox guide - Tips and tricks for begi...
Overdox is a clever battle royale that changes things up by adding MOBA mechanics and melee combat to the mix. This new hybrid game can be quite a bit to take in at first, so we’ve put together a list of tips to help you get a leg up on the... | Read more »
Roterra Extreme - Great Escape is a pers...
Roterra Extreme – Great Escape has been described by developers Dig-It Games as a mini-sequel to their acclaimed title Roterra: Flip the Fairytale. It continues that game's tradition of messing with which way is up, tasking you with solving... | Read more »
Hearthstone: Battlegrounds open beta lau...
Remember earlier this year when auto battlers were the latest hotness? We had Auto Chess, DOTA Underlords, Chess Rush, and more all gunning for our attention. They all had their own reasons to play, but, at least from where I'm standing, most... | Read more »
The House of Da Vinci 2 gets a new gamep...
The House of Da Vinci launched all the way back in 2017. Now, developer Blue Brain Games is gearing up to deliver a second dose of The Room-inspired puzzling. Some fresh details have now emerged, alongside the game's first official trailer. [Read... | Read more »
Shoot 'em up action awaits in Battl...
BattleBrew Productions has just introduced another entry into its award winning, barrelpunk inspired, BattleSky Brigade series. Whilst its previous title BattleSky Brigade TapTap provided fans with idle town building gameplay, this time the... | Read more »
Arcade classic R-Type Dimensions EX blas...
If you're a long time fan of shmups and have been looking for something to play lately, Tozai Games may have just released an ideal game for you on iOS. R-Type Dimensions EX brings the first R-Type and its sequel to iOS devices. [Read more] | Read more »
Intense VR first-person shooter Colonicl...
Our latest VR obsession is Colonicle, an intense VR FPS, recently released on Oculus and Google Play, courtesy of From Fake Eyes and Goboogie Games. It's a pulse-pounding multiplayer shooter which should appeal to genre fanatics and newcomers alike... | Read more »
PUBG Mobile's incoming update bring...
PUGB Mobile's newest Royale Pass season they're calling Fury of the Wasteland arrives tomorrow and with it comes a fair chunk of new content to the game. We'll be seeing a new map, weapon and even a companion system. [Read more] | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Weekend Sale: Apple AirPods Pro for $234.98 a...
Abt Electronics has Apple’s new AirPods Pro in stock and on sale today for $234.98 including free shipping and free returns. Their price is $15 off Apple’s MSRP for these AirPods and tie Amazon... Read more
New 2019 16″ MacBook Pros on sale for $100 of...
Apple Authorized Reseller Adorama has new 2019 16″ MacBook Pros on sale today for $100 off Apple’s MSRP, each including free shipping. In addition, Adorama charges sales tax for NY & NJ residents... Read more
Apple Watch Series 3 GPS models on sale for l...
Amazon has Apple Watch Series 3 GPS models on sale starting at only $179. There prices are the lowest we’ve ever seen for these models from any Apple reseller. Choose Amazon as the seller rather than... Read more
iOS Bug In Facebook News Feed Lets Device Ca...
NEWS: 11.15.19- Users of the Facebook social media platform’s mobile app running on iOS devices won’t, like, this piece of news one bit in where a bug in the News Feed gave access to the camera... Read more
16″ MacBook Pros on sale! Preorder at Amazon...
Apple’s new 16″ MacBook Pros were only introduced yesterday, but Amazon is already offering a $100 discount on preorders. Prices for the base 6-Core 16″ MacBook Pros start at $2299: – 2019 16″ 2.6GHz... Read more
Use our exclusive MacBook Price Trackers to f...
Our Apple award-winning MacBook price trackers are the best place to look for the best sales & lowest prices on new and clearance MacBook Airs and MacBook Pros–including Apple’s new 16″ MacBook... Read more
New November Verizon iPhone deal: Get an iPho...
Verizon has the 64GB iPhone Xr on sale for 50% off for a limited time, plus they will include a free $200 prepaid MasterCard and a free Amazon Echo Dot. That reduces their price for the 64GB iPhone... Read more
Apple cuts prices on clearance, refurbished 2...
Apple has clearance 2018 15″ 6-Core Touch Bar MacBook Pros, Certified Refurbished, now available starting at only $1829. Each model features a new outer case, shipping is free, and an Apple 1-year... Read more
Up to $450 price drop on clearance 15″ MacBoo...
B&H Photo has dropped prices Apple’s 2019 15″ 6-Core and 8-Core MacBook Pros by $400-$450 off original MSRP, starting at $1999, with free overnight shipping available to many addresses in the US... Read more
Here’s how to save $200 on Apple’s new 16″ Ma...
Apple has released details of their Education discount associated with the new 2019 16″ 6-Core and 8-Core MacBook Pros. Take $200 off the price of the new 8-Core model (now $2599) and $200 off the 16... Read more

Jobs Board

Best Buy *Apple* Computing Master - Best Bu...
**746887BR** **Job Title:** Best Buy Apple Computing Master **Job Category:** Store Associates **Store NUmber or Department:** 001512-Ankeny-Store **Job Read more
Best Buy *Apple* Computing Master - Best Bu...
**746836BR** **Job Title:** Best Buy Apple Computing Master **Job Category:** Sales **Store NUmber or Department:** 000341-Scranton-Store **Job Description:** **What Read more
QA Manager, *Apple* - CBS Corporation (Unit...
# QA Manager, Apple **REF#:** 35331 **CBS BUSINESS UNIT:** CBS Interactive **JOB TYPE:** Full-Time Staff **JOB SCHEDULE:** **JOB LOCATION:** Burbank, CA **ABOUT Read more
*Apple* Mobility Pro - Best Buy (United Stat...
**744315BR** **Job Title:** Apple Mobility Pro **Job Category:** Store Associates **Store NUmber or Department:** 000662-Auburn AL-Store **Job Description:** At Best Read more
Nurse Practitioner - Field Based (San Bernard...
Nurse Practitioner - Field Based (San Bernardino, CA, Apple Valley, Hesperia) **Location:** **United States** **New** **Requisition #:** PS30312 **Post Date:** 4 Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.