TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Introduction to Scripting Microsoft PowerPoint

Volume Number: 23 (2007)
Issue Number: 03
Column Tag: Scripting

AppleScript Essentials

Introduction to Scripting Microsoft PowerPoint

by Benjamin S. Waldie

In recent months, we have been discussing ways to automate the Office applications using AppleScript. We have discussed Word and Excel scripting, and this month, we are going to focus on scripting PowerPoint.

In Office X, PowerPoint's AppleScript dictionary contained a single command -- do Visual Basic. While no direct AppleScript-ability was present, this command at least provided a way to initiate Visual Basic macrocode from AppleScript in order to automate some tasks. Of course, to do this, one needed to be fluent in Visual Basic.

With the release of Office 2004, Microsoft introduced re-worked AppleScript support in the Office applications. Word and Excel both had their AppleScript dictionaries substantially re-written and expanded, and PowerPoint introduced extensive AppleScript support. Sure, you can still use the do Visual Basic command to automate PowerPoint, if you wish. But, this isn't necessary anymore, as AppleScript code can now be written to perform repetitive tasks directly. Furthermore, Microsoft has announced that Visual Basic support will be removed from the Office applications when Office 2008 is released, thus rendering any do Visual Basic code useless moving forward.

In this month's column, we will explore the AppleScript support in PowerPoint 11, released with Office 2004. In future versions of PowerPoint, much of the terminology we will discuss is likely to remain functional, although it is always good practice to test code for terminology changes when performing any application upgrades in a scripted workflow. Let's get started.

Working with Presentations

Making a Presentation

In PowerPoint, the base class in which you will work is a presentation. To create a new presentation, use the make command, followed by the presentation class, as demonstrated here.

tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   make new presentation
end tell
--> presentation "Presentation1" of application "Microsoft PowerPoint"

The result of the make command is a reference to the newly created presentation. This may be placed into a variable, if desired, for future reference throughout your code.

Referencing the Front most Presentation

It's important to understand how to reference the front most presentation in PowerPoint. Like documents in most applications, presentations can be referenced by index. However, unlike many other applications, a PowerPoint presentation's index does not refer to its front to back ordering. Rather, it refers to the order in which the presentation was opened or created, in reference to the other currently opened presentations. So, it is never safe to assume that presentation 1 is the front most presentation. To ensure reference to the front most presentation, refer to the active presentation property of the application class instead, as demonstrated by the example code below.

tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   active presentation
end tell
--> active presentation of application "Microsoft PowerPoint"

Note that the code above results in an ambiguous reference to the active presentation of the application, and not a specific presentation. If another presentation is brought to the front, then this reference will begin pointing to that presentation. Keep this in mind if you ever find that your code is not targeting the anticipated presentation, and verify the presentation ordering.

Opening a Presentation

To open a presentation file on disk, use the open command. For example:

set thePath to choose file with prompt "Please select a presentation:"
tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   open thePath
end tell

When using the open command, please note that a result is not returned. Therefore, if your code will begin processing the newly opened presentation, you will need to form a reference to that presentation. While you could reference the active presentation property of the application, this is not always the safest method. To ensure an accurate reference to the newly opened presentation, locate the presentation whose file path is equal to the path from which the presentation was just opened. A presentation's path can be found by referencing its full name property. The following code demonstrates how to open a presentation, and then build a reference to the opened presentation by matching the opened path to the presentation's full name property.

set thePath to choose file with prompt "Please select a presentation:"
tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   open thePath
   set theOpenedPresentation to first presentation whose full name = (thePath as string)
end tell
--> presentation 1 of application "Microsoft PowerPoint"

Saving a Presentation

To save a presentation that has been saved previously, use the save command, as follows:

tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   save active presentation
end tell

This will cause the presentation to be saved in its original format back to its original path. You can also save a presentation into a new path, or in a different format. To do this, make use of the save command's optional parameters in and as. The following code demonstrates how to save a presentation to the desktop in presentation format.

set theOutputPath to (path to desktop folder as string) & "My Preso.ppt"
tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   save active presentation in theOutputPath as save as presentation
end tell

Other supported save formats include presentation template, HTML, and PowerPoint show. You are encouraged to explore saving presentations in other formats further on your own.

Closing a Presentation

To close a presentation, simply use the close command, followed by a reference to the presentation you wish to close.

tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   close active presentation
end tell

Although the close command has an optional saving parameter, which is supposed to allow you to specify a yes/no/ask constant value indicating whether the presentation should be saved when closed, PowerPoint seems to ignore it. To ensure that a presentation is saved before being closed, be sure to use the save command to save the presentation, and then issue the close command. For example:

set theOutputPath to (path to desktop folder as string) & "My Preso.ppt"
tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   tell active presentation
      save in theOutputPath
      close
   end tell
end tell

Working with Slides

In PowerPoint, content is contained within the slides of a presentation, and much of the AppleScript code you will be writing will involve the manipulation of slide content. First, we'll discuss creating slides, and then we will explore ways of manipulating slide content.

Making a New Slide

To create a new slide within a presentation, use the make command. In doing so, you may also with to specify properties for the newly created slide, such as a layout style. This can be done by using the make command's with properties parameter. The following example code demonstrates how to create a new text slide in the front most presentation. As you will see, the result of the make command will be a reference to the newly created slide.

tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   tell active presentation
      make new slide at end with properties {layout:slide layout text slide}
   end tell
end tell
--> slide 2 of active presentation of application "Microsoft PowerPoint"

Manipulating Slide Text

There are numerous ways of manipulating text content within slides. You can change the text itself, and you can also change attributes of the text, such as font, style, color, and so forth. We'll discuss a few different ways to manipulate slide text. You are encouraged to explore these and others further on your own.

The first thing to understand when working with text content on slides is that the text is not directly contained within the slide itself. Rather, it is contained within shapes that reside on the slide. PowerPoint's shape class possesses a text frame property, which itself is a class possessing numerous properties. One property of the text frame class is text range, which references yet another class, called text range. Text range has numerous properties, one of which is content. To change the text content of a shape on a slide, this is the property you will want to modify. It sounds a bit complicated, but it's really not, as demonstrated by the code below. This code will set the content of the first text shape on slide 2 of our presentation to the text "TEST HEADING".

tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   tell slide 2 of active presentation
      set content of text range of text frame of shape 1 to "TEST HEADING"
   end tell
end tell

Font and style attributes are applied via the font property of a text range, which, again, references a class itself. Attributes such as bold, underline, italic, and more, are all applied using the font class. The following example code demonstrates how to adjust font attributes in this manner. This code will first set the content of the second shape on slide 2 of our presentation to the text "Test Content". It will then change the font, point size, and color of the text. See figure 1 for an example of the result of this code.

tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   tell slide 2 of active presentation
      set content of text range of text frame of shape 2 to "Test Content"
      tell font of text range of text frame of shape 2
         set font name to "Futura"
         set font size to 24
         set font color to {255, 0, 0}
      end tell
   end tell
end tell


Figure 1. Styled Slide Text

Adding a Picture to a Slide

Adding a picture to a slide becomes slightly more complicated. To do this, you must first create a picture class on the target slide, while setting certain attributes for the picture, including its path, top, and left position. The following example code demonstrates how this is done. This code will first prompt the user to locate a picture file. It will then create a picture class at the specified top and left position on the target slide. The picture will then be scaled, relative to its original image size. An example of a slide containing an image placed using this code can be found in figure 2.


Figure 2. Placed Picture Content

set thePicturePath to (choose file with prompt "Please select a picture:") as string
tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   tell slide 2 of active presentation
      set thePicture to make new picture at end with properties ¬
      {top:200, left position:400, lock aspect ratio:true, file name:thePicturePath}
      tell thePicture
         scale height factor 0.1 scale scale from top left with relative to original size
         scale width factor 0.1 scale scale from top left with relative to original size
      end tell
   end tell
end tell

Applying a Background to a Slide

Using AppleScript, it is possible to change the background of a slide. First, to ensure that background of the master slide is not modified, you'll probably want to disassociate the target slide's background from the master. Setting the slide's follow master background property to false does this.

To change the color of a slide's background, adjust the fore color property of the slide background's fill format to the desired RGB value. The following example code demonstrates how this is done. This code will also first disassociate the slide's background from the master.

tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   tell slide 2 of active presentation
     set follow master background to false
     set fore color of fill format of background to {0, 0, 255}
   end tell
end tell

Other background attributes are also modifiable via AppleScript, including pattern, texture, and more. The code below shows how to apply a blue tissue paper texture as the texture of a slide's background. Figure 3 shows an example of the result of this code.

tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   tell slide 2 of active presentation
      set follow master background to false
      preset textured background texture texture blue tissue paper
   end tell
end tell


Figure 3. An Applied Slide Background Texture

Working with Slideshows

Applying Slide Transitions

Preparing presentations for slideshow mode is another task that AppleScript can perform quite easily. Slide show settings and transition settings are both accessible to AppleScript. The following code demonstrates how to loop through the slides of a presentation, applying a dissolve entry transition to each slide.

tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   tell active presentation
      set theSlideCount to count slides
      repeat with a from 1 to theSlideCount
         set entry effect of slide show transition of slide a to entry effect dissolve
      end repeat
   end tell
end tell

Running a Slideshow

Once your slides are complete, you may want your script to run the slideshow. To do this, you will probably first want to bring PowerPoint to the front. Use the activate command to do this. Next, use the run slide show command, targeting the slide show settings of the presentation you want to run, as shown here.

tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   activate
   run slide show slide show settings of active presentation
end tell

Exiting a Slideshow

Exiting a slideshow is bit different than you might expect. You don't exit the presentation. Rather, you exit the slide show view of the slide show window of the presentation. For example:

tell application "Microsoft PowerPoint"
   exit slide show slide show view of slide show window of active presentation
end tell

In Closing

While we have truly only scratched the surface of what's possible by AppleScripting PowerPoint, the techniques discussed in this month's column should give you a good starting point. For more information about scripting PowerPoint, be sure to browse PowerPoint's AppleScript dictionary. Also, don't miss the PowerPoint AppleScript Reference Guide, available for free download from Microsoft's Mactopia website at http://www.microsoft.com/mac/resources/resources.aspx?pid=asforoffice.

Until next time, keep scripting!


Ben Waldie is the author of the best selling books "AppleScripting the Finder" and the "Mac OS X Technology Guide to Automator", available from http://www.spiderworks.com, as well as an AppleScript Training CD, available from http://www.vtc.com. Ben is also president of Automated Workflows, LLC, a company specializing in AppleScript and workflow automation consulting. For years, Ben has developed professional AppleScript-based solutions for businesses including Adobe, Apple, NASA, PC World, and TV Guide. For more information about Ben, please visit http://www.automatedworkflows.com, or email Ben at ben@automatedworkflows.com.
 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Sketch 70.2 - Design app for UX/UI for i...
Sketch is an innovative and fresh look at vector drawing. Its intentionally minimalist design is based upon a drawing space of unlimited size and layers, free of palettes, panels, menus, windows, and... Read more
Vitamin-R 3.23 - Personal productivity t...
Vitamin-R creates the optimal conditions for your brain to work at its best by structuring your work into short bursts of distraction-free, highly focused activity alternating with opportunities for... Read more
Adobe InDesign 16.0.1 - Professional pri...
InDesign is available as part of Adobe Creative Cloud for as little as $20.99/month (or $9.99/month if you're a previous InDesign customer). Adobe InDesign is part of Creative Cloud. That means you... Read more
NeoFinder 7.7 - Catalog your external me...
NeoFinder (formerly CDFinder) rapidly organizes your data, either on external or internal disks, or any other volumes. It catalogs and manages all your data, so you stay in control of your data... Read more
Overflow 3.2.1 - Application launcher th...
Overflow is an application designed to quickly launch applications, open documents, or access folders while reducing the number of items needed in your Dock. Anything you want can be added to the... Read more
Spotify 1.1.47.684. - Stream music, crea...
Spotify is a streaming music service that gives you on-demand access to millions of songs. Whether you like driving rock, silky R&B, or grandiose classical music, Spotify's massive catalogue puts... Read more
Mindjet MindManager 13.2.204 - Professio...
MindManager is a powerful mind mapping tool that increases your productivity. From business plans or developing a new website, its robust mind maps have all the features you need to accomplish your... Read more
Numi 3.29 - Menu-bar calculator supports...
Numi is a calculator that magically combines calculations with text, and allows you to freely share your computations. Numi combines text editor and calculator Support plain English. For example, '5... Read more
Hopper Disassembler 4.6.3- - Binary disa...
Hopper Disassembler is a binary disassembler, decompiler, and debugger for 32- and 64-bit executables. It will let you disassemble any binary you want, and provide you all the information about its... Read more
Adobe Illustrator 25.0.1 - Professional...
You can download Adobe Illustrator for Mac as a part of Creative Cloud for only $20.99/month (or $9.99/month if you have also purchased an earlier software version). Adobe Illustrator for Mac is the... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Spider-Ham is coming to Marvel Contest o...
Marvel Contest of Champions is getting a new character added to its growing roster of masked superheroes.This time it’s Spider-Ham, also going by the name of Peter Porker, who will be joining the game later this month. [Read more] | Read more »
LifeAfter’s Resident Evil crossover has...
LifeAfter’s Resident Evil crossover event is back for phase two after it successfully held an earlier collaboration earlier this year in August. [Read more] | Read more »
Street Kart Racing will hold a Virtual S...
Street Kart Racing has teamed up with SKUSA to launch the Virtual Supernats, “Virtual Las Vegas” following the real-world event being cancelled due to Covid. The live in-game event starts on November 29th and will last for six days. During this... | Read more »
Puppoz is a cutesy balloon popping game...
Puppoz is a new, cutesy action game from developer Superstar Games that sees a bunch of canines darting about different levels popping balloons. It's a free game that you can download now for both iOS and Android devices. [Read more] | Read more »
Lara Croft returns in Tomb Raider Reload...
Square Enix has unveiled the next entry in the Tomb Raider series, this time headed for mobile platforms sometime in 2021. [Read more] | Read more »
Genshin Impact - Fallen Star Challenge G...
| Read more »
New update for The Battle of Polytopia p...
The Battle of Polytopia released on PC back in August of this year with iOS and Android versions being dated too far behind. But now developer Midjiwan AB has released the Moonrise update to put it on the same level as its PC counterpart, bringing... | Read more »
Transport City: Truck Tycoon is a logist...
Transport City: Truck Tycoon is a brand new simulation game from developer Cupgum that's available now for iOS and Android. As you can probably guess from the name of the game it'll see you working on building a supply chain and logistics setup... | Read more »
Bridge Constructor: The Walking Dead is...
Headup Games' team up with their popular bridge-building franchise and AMC's zombie TV is now available for iOS and Android. Bridge Constructor: The Walking Dead is the latest game in the series and the second to make use of another IP after... | Read more »
Genshin Impact - How to Beat Tartaglia (...
In the 1.1 update to Genshin Impact, the final chapter to the story arc in Liyue reaches its climax with a fight against Tartaglia (AKA Childe), one of the Fatui Harbingers. We won't go into detail as to why this is or the circumstances of the... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Holiday sale: Get one of Apple’s new M1 13″ M...
Amazon has Apple’s new 2020 13″ MacBook Pros with M1 Apple Silicon CPUs on sale for $50 off MSRP, starting at $1249. Amazon expects delivery in 1-2 weeks. These are the same 13″ MacBook Pros sold by... Read more
Holiday sale: Get Apple’s new M1 Mac mini for...
Apple resellers have Apple’s new Mac minis with M1 Apple Silicon CPUs on sale starting at only $663 as part of their Cyber Week 2020 sales. These are the lowest prices currently available for new... Read more
Get a 12″ iPad Pro for up to $150 off Apple’s...
B&H Photo has new 2020 12.9″ WiFi iPad Pros on sale today for up to $150 off MSRP as part of their Cyber Week 2020 sale. Expedited shipping is free to may addresses in the US: – 12″ 128GB WiFi... Read more
Holiday Sale: Amazon offers $50 discount on A...
Amazon has Apple Watch Series 6 models on sale for $50 off Apple’s MSRP as part of their Holiday 2020 sales. These are the same Watches sold by Apple in their retail and online stores. Be sure to... Read more
Expercom has M1 13″ MacBook Airs on sale for...
Black Friday and Cyber Monday sales are over. However, Apple reseller Expercom is offering discounts ranging from $67 to $77 off MSRP on Apple’s new 2020 13″ MacBook Pros with M1 Apple Silicon CPUs... Read more
Holiday Sale: Apple 11″ iPad Pros remain on s...
Apple resellers Amazon and B&H Photo have 2020 11″ iPad Pros on sale today for up to $150 off MSRP as part of their Holiday 2020 sales. Their prices are the lowest currently available for these... Read more
Hot Holiday 2020 Deal: Apple AirPods Pro for...
Amazon-owned Woot is offering Apple AirPods Pro for only $189.99, including free shipping for Prime members, as part of their Holiday 2020 sales. Their price is $60 (about 25%) off Apple’s MSRP for... Read more
Give ‘Everything Apple’ This Holiday Season W...
FEATURE: 12.01.20 – Today is Giving Tuesday and while the day is supposed to be all about donating to a charitable cause, that doesn’t mean you can’t also think about what you’re going to give as a... Read more
16″ MacBook Pros remain on sale for up to $30...
Black Friday and Cyber Monday sales have expired. However, B&H Photo continues to offer Apple’s 16″ MacBook Pros for $200-$300 off Apple’s MSRP, starting at $2199. Expedited shipping is free to... Read more
Apple restocks clearance, refurbished 2020 13...
Miss out on some of the Black Friday and Cyber Monday sales? Check out these models available today from Apple. Apple has restocked Certified Refurbished 2020 13″ Intel-based MacBook Airs with models... Read more

Jobs Board

Solutions Partner Marketing Specialist, *App...
Solutions Partner Marketing Specialist, Apple Tempe, AZ, US Requisition Number:79115 As aSolutions Partner Marketing Specialistfor Apple at Insight, you will be Read more
*Apple* Test Engineer - Vectrus (United Stat...
Overview The Apple Test Engineer (TE) works as part of a team to perform the integration, packaging, testing, and trobleshooting of applications/changes delivered to Read more
Cub Foods - *Apple* Valley - Now Hiring Par...
Cub Foods - Apple Valley - Now Hiring Part Time! United States of America, Minnesota, Apple Valley Retail Post Date Nov 18, 2020 Requisition # 124800 Sign Up for Read more
Blue *Apple* Cafe Student Worker - Spring -...
…to enhance your work experience. Student positions are available at the Blue Apple Cafe. Employee meal discount during working hours is provided. Duties include food Read more
Deskside Support Technician - *Apple* , Wind...
Deskside Support Technician - Apple , Windows **Ref No.:** 20-01859 **Location:** Northridge, California As part of a leading IT managed services specialist with more Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.