TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Tools Plus
Volume Number:12
Issue Number:7
Column Tag:Programming Tools

Tools Plus 3.0

Paradise for “control” freaks

By Rich Parker

Everyone Wants
to Program the Mac

Almost all Mac owners, at one point or another, harbor a desire to program their own machine. Some may be well served by products like HyperCard, but others just can’t wait to learn C, C++, or Pascal, so that they can write the next “killer” application.

If they start programming by buying books that illustrate programs that use the standard ANSI libraries, they might make quite a bit of progress in learning the language and writing routines that use a “console” interface. At some point, though, the realization sinks in that these aren’t “real” Mac applications, and then the trouble begins. The age-old question that I see over and over again on the online services is: “How do I get started writing ‘real’ Mac programs?”

Most people are directed to read one of Dave Mark’s or Dan Sydow’s fine books on the subject of Mac programming for their favorite language, but these books provide only the basic information needed to write “real” Mac programs. At some point, the (now quite distressed) user is directed to the almighty gospel of Inside Macintosh to further his or her knowledge. This is the point at which most budding programmers wimp out, and I don’t really blame them. I think you will agree that trying to learn to program the Mac by reading Inside Macintosh is like learning to play the piano by studying the details of music composition.

So What’s the Alternative?

I think it’s well known in the developer community that I favor the use of application frameworks. Developing Mac applications using PowerPlant, TCL, or MacApp is something that comes easily to me. But I also recognize the negative aspects of these frameworks, and readily admit that they are not a solution for all people or all applications.

In the first place, most application frameworks demand much more memory than would be required if one had the time to read, understand, and apply all of the appropriate built-in Mac toolbox routines to the problem. But the difficulty of understanding the Mac toolbox is equaled only by the steep learning curve of most of the current application frameworks. So we are left with an almost insoluble problem - whether to spend endless hours reading Inside Macintosh or to spend equally endless hours studying the structure and functionality of an application framework.

Tools Plus to the Rescue!

Steve Makohin, Steven Waters, and the folks at Water’s Edge Software realized that programming the Mac wasn’t easy. After all, they ran into these problems themselves when they first started. So they set out to create a set of high-level functions that would enable others to program the Mac much more easily, without having to worry about handling some of the more difficult aspects of Mac programming. The result was a set of binary libraries that could be included in projects for your favorite development environment, whose routines could be called to implement and manage exceedingly sophisticated Mac user interfaces. (After all, it’s the user interface that is the most complex aspect of any Mac application development.)

The first Tools Plus product was developed as a result of an R&D project in 1989. By 1992, after considerable prodding from various contractors and project managers, Makohin and Waters decided to polish their product to commercial readiness. A year later, Water’s Edge Software was formalized to become the delivery vehicle for Tools Plus, and to support its users.

The product has been continually enhanced, and version 3.0 of the Tools Plus product is even more capable than any previous version. It comes with a wealth of features that promise to make almost any Mac programming project a pleasure, rather than a pain.

What’s It All About?

Tools Plus version 3.0 consists of a set of GUI Building/Event-Managing libraries for Macintosh programmers using any of the following compilers:

• Metrowerks CodeWarrior C/C++ and CodeWarrior Pascal for either 680x0-based or Power Macintosh systems. All versions of CodeWarrior from 6.0 through 8.0 are supported. The Power Mac libraries are native for both C/C++ and Pascal.

• THINK Pascal version 4.0.2 or later for 68K development only.

• THINK C version 5.0.4 or later for 68K development only.

• Symantec C/C++ version 6.0.1 or later for 68K development only. This includes the newly released Symantec version 8.1, which supports 68K development with the Symantec Project Manager; however, in contrast to the CodeWarrior situation, where the PPC-native Tools Plus libraries have been available since mid-1995, native Power Macintosh libraries are not yet available in version 3.0 of Tools Plus for the SPM. [Portions of the Tools Plus source are in Pascal, and until recently there wasn’t SPM PPC-native Pascal support. Water’s Edge feels that the LS Pascal translator needs some maturing before they can release the code it generates. - man]

To use the Tools Plus product, you include the libraries and the ToolsPlus.c file in your Symantec or Metrowerks project (the ToolsPlus.h file is also needed). In the case of Pascal-based projects, the ToolsPlus.p file is added to the project along with the ToolsPlus libraries. Starter project files and all other requisite files (e.g., ToolsPlus.c, ToolsPlus.h, ToolsPlus.p) are provided in the product that you purchase. The products offered by Water’s Edge are as follows:

• Libraries for Symantec compilers (68K only), including THINK C and SPM v8.1 ($149).

• Libraries for the THINK Pascal compiler for 68K development ($149).

• Libraries for both THINK C/SPM and THINK Pascal for 68K development ($199).

• Libraries for Metrowerks CodeWarrior Bronze (68K only), including C, C++, and Pascal ($199).

• Libraries for Metrowerks CodeWarrior Gold (68K and PPC), including C, C++, and Pascal ($249).

• Tools Plus v3.0 Academic for any of the foregoing environments ($99 each).

• Super CDEFs, a collection of special “Control Definition” resources that you can include in your applications for any Macintosh ($89 when purchased alone, $39 for those with an academic discount, or free with the purchase of any non-academic Tools Plus developer kit).

What Features Do the Libraries Provide?

The Tools Plus libraries provide a comprehensive set of user interface elements and event-management features. Every control is created with a single statement in your application. The user interface elements include windows of various types, including all standard window types, floating palettes, movable modal dialogs, buttons, editing fields, raised or sunken 3D panels, and many other features. The best way to show you some of the things you’re likely to use is to display some screen shots of the Demo program that ships with every copy of the Tools Plus product, and is also available on all of the major online services (along with its source code). I built the demo application inside CodeWarrior version 8.0 for the PowerMac. The project file for that build is shown in Figure 1. You can see from the figure that the Demo program’s project file contains several of the standard Metrowerks libraries, as well as the Tools Plus.Lib library. The Demo program is 228K in size and runs in a partition of 384K. It includes examples of many of the features that are available in the Tools Plus product.

Figure 1. CodeWarrior project file for Demo program

The window in Figure 2 describes itself. When you move the cursor into the “Plus” cursor zone, the cursor changes into a plus-sign. When you move the cursor into the “Cross” cursor zone, the cursor changes into a cross. The lists demonstrate the use of different fonts with text in any selected color, and the buttons demonstrate the ability to create both standard and non-standard buttons. The checkboxes in the lower left corner demonstrate the ability to disable the “Two And Three” checkbox while the “Second Choice” checkbox is unchecked.

Figure 2. One of the Demo program’s feature demonstrations

Figure 3. More features from the Demo program

In Figure 3, various types of text field are shown. It also demonstrates the use of “live” scroll bars: instead of displaying a “ghost” outline of the thumb when it is dragged, the thumb of the horizontal scroll bar is redrawn in real time as you drag it. (The thumb of the vertical scroll bar displays the normal appearance of an outline when the thumb is dragged.)

Figure 4 simulates a setup window for a MIDI interface, with the two icon buttons selecting a port and the three radio buttons selecting the interface’s speed. (Despite the window’s name, I didn’t see any “Cursor Zones” in this example; the cursor remained in the shape of an arrow within the window.)

In Figure 5 the watch cursor is animated while the progress indicator (“thermometer”) is advancing.

Figure 4. Icon button example

Figure 5. Pretending to sort

Figure 6. Color-independent drawing

Figure 7. Self-sizing alert

Figure 6 illustrates how the Tools Plus library compensates for the color abilities (or lack thereof) of your Macintosh. When the figure is drawn on a monochrome monitor, the picture and accompanying text are drawn so that they are still entirely readable. I didn’t have two monitors to demonstrate to myself that one-half of the window would be drawn in monochrome and the other in color, but I did change the Monitors control panel settings to verify that the color text and the picture are perfectly readable when using the “Black & White” setting.

The alert shown in Figure 7 illustrates that you can put whatever text you want displayed, including carriage-return characters, and the Tools Plus libraries will create a dialog that’s exactly the right width and height to hold that text. (Carriage-return characters are specified as '\r' in the text string.)

The alert shown in Figure 8 demonstrates that dynamic alerts can contain any icon you choose, including the System’s standard icons. After pressing the Continue button in this alert, you are given the opportunity to see other examples of alerts, even alerts with no associated buttons. Clicking the mouse inside the alert dismisses it.

The Tools Plus libraries include a variety of pop-up menus (Figure 9). These can contain words, icons and words, icons only, what Water’s Edge calls “Pop-Down” menus that are used to specify immediate actions to perform, as well as pop-up menus of any size, using any font.

Figure 8. Self-sizing alert with icon of your choice

Figure 9. Various pop-up menus

Figure 10. A plethora of picture pushers

You might think that you’ve seen it all, but we’re just getting to the good stuff. The Tools Plus libraries also contain a large selection of picture buttons. A number of these are illustrated in Figure 10. (Sorry about the caption for the figure, but I couldn’t resist!) The variety of picture buttons available in the Tools Plus libraries is just amazing. Every one of these is created by a single line of code. The 3D buttons in the lower left are examples of CD-ROM controls. The buttons at the top of the window show some of the features of text-editor and drawing programs. The middle set of buttons in the top panel illustrate various text justification styles.

The “Step” and “Scroll” buttons in the middle of the figure illustrate how the values shown on the buttons can be modified by clicking on either the top or bottom of the button. Clicking on or near the plus-symbol or minus-symbol in one of the buttons causes the numerical value in that button to increment or decrement, respectively; plus, the “Step” button changes value each time it is clicked, whereas the “Scroll” button continues to increase or decrease in value as long as the mouse button is held down.

The button at the far right, in the middle of the window, has an associated value whose minimum, initial, and maximum are specified when the button is created. If the button is clicked near its right edge, then the button’s value is increased. If the button is clicked near its left edge, then the button’s value is decreased. (The display of “0š” below the button is managed separately and, according to the specifications for the “Globe” button, can vary from -179° to +180°.) The button is also specified to have medium acceleration, meaning that the value changes more and more quickly the longer the button is pressed. (An acceleration rate can be specified as slow, medium, or fast.) The “Globe” button is created by a single line of code:

NewPictButton( GlobeButton, 410, 153, GlobeIcon, 
 picbutRepeatEvents + picbutAutoValueChg + 
 picbutScaleMedAccel + picbutValueWrap + 
 picbutLeftRightSplit + picbutSelectAltImage +
 picbutDimUsingWhite, enabled, notSelected, -179, 0, 180);

Figure 11. Large text fields

Most of the style settings here are specified as symbolic names. The button’s ID (GlobeButton) is a unique value that identifies the button whenever it is referenced. The Demo program defines the GlobeButton symbol as the value 16. The icon for the button can be anything you want and is indicated by the GlobeIcon symbol, which is defined to refer to a 'cicn' resource of 460. The 410 and 153 values refer to the left and top positions of the button, and the numeric values in the last three arguments refer to the minimum, initial, and maximum values that the button can contain.

Figure 10 also shows an ON/OFF button whose caption changes whether it is on or off and also a toggle-switch which changes its appearance depending upon whether it is clicked to the left or right. It’s safe to say that the figure illustrates only a few of the multitude of picture button possibilities.

Some applications require text fields that exceed the standard 255 character-width provided by Str255 variables. The Tools Plus libraries provide text fields that are up to 32K characters in width. These are illustrated by Figure 11. You can display panes that contain quite large text fields. The lower pane in the figure illustrates a field that has both vertical and horizontal scroll bars. Each of the text panes has its own font, size, style, color, and justification. The horizontal scroll bar can occupy the entire width of the window, or it can be offset by any multiple of fifteen pixels, from 15 to 225. The offset is from the left edge of the window. There are so many options with each of these elements that it’s impossible to list all of the features here.

Figure 12. Panels and a 3D look

Water’s Edge saved the best window for last in its Demo menu; it shows how 3D panels can be used to spruce up your user interface (Figure 12). I like the raised and inset panels best. This figure shows how button groups and lists with a variety of appearances can be created easily by using the Tools Plus libraries. Once again, each of the elements in the figure was created with a single statement in the Demo program’s source code; this is clear testimony to the power of the libraries.

There are more features shown in the Demo program than are pictured here. Tools Plus provides floating palettes that are oriented either horizontally or vertically, and also tool bars that nestle directly under the menu bar in your application. All in all, it’s an incredibly rich collection of tools.

The product comes with a 392-page printed spiral-bound manual. It’s comprehensive and well written, and includes prototypes (in both C and Pascal) for calling the functions, plus examples and tips. It’s really good. And you also have the source code for the Demo application to compare against the manual’s explanations. Water’s Edge also provides source code tutorial samples illustrating how to create a “Hello World” application, plus buttons and panels, list boxes, editing fields, pop-up menus, picture buttons, tool bars and floating palettes, and so on. Each tutorial project is simple enough that the relevant features are all in one place.

SuperCDEFs Too!

Water’s Edge also offers a set of custom CDEFs (control definition resources) called SuperCDEFs, implementing many of the custom features of the Tools Plus libraries. As stated earlier, this product is available separately or with the purchase of a Tools Plus Development Kit for any of the listed development environments (not with an academic discount). To paraphrase the SuperCDEFs User’s Manual, it consists of a collection of high-quality contemporary controls, designed and implemented by professional Macintosh developers to be as reliable as Apple’s controls, and just as easy to use. The SuperCDEFs offer a range of styles, from subtle improvements over Apple’s own to a bold 3D appearance.

The CDEFs are arranged in categories encompassing buttons, tabs, sliders, and thermometer controls. 68K, native PPC, and fat versions of the controls are offered. The SuperCDEFs product comes with a comprehensive online user’s manual. I didn’t have a chance to test the CDEFs.

OK, They Did it, But Can I?

I think the answer to this question is: Maybe. It all depends on how much effort you are willing to put into learning the Tools Plus library functions.

One thing you’ll have to get used to is that the Tools Plus libraries provide a higher-level event loop called PollSystem that returns the current event in a special Poll structure. This lets the loop identify directly the element for which the event is destined, rather than requiring you to deal with mouse coordinates, “control parts,” or the like. The Tools Plus manual provides only one example of the main event loop, but it is in Pascal, rather than in both C and Pascal. Water’s Edge didn’t also provide a single library function to initialize the various toolbox managers, so you will have to start your application with the usual toolbox initialization calls. You also have to initialize the Tools Plus components with a call to InitToolsPlus. None of this is hard.

More important, there is no graphical interface for designing the interface. You have to design on graph paper, estimating coordinate values for the various elements - because, instead of using resources to describe the various controls, Water’s Edge requires that you include coordinates and sizes inside the function calls. This also has implications for “tweaking” the interface as the program design progresses - this involves modifying the code and not just the parameters of a resource.

The folks at Water’s Edge are aware of all this, and are currently working on a project code-named “Anthem” that will offer a MacDraw-like user interface design capability, and then generate source code targeted directly at the Tools Plus library function call interfaces. If this sounds like another AppMaker or Visual Architect tool to you, Water’s Edge is quick to point out that their objective is to reduce the complexity and volume of source code in a project, and this includes source code in a class library or code generated by an application builder. We’ll have to wait until the end of 1996 to see what Water’s Edge has in store for us in this regard.

In the meantime, if you are interested in developing applications that have “quality” written all over them, then Tools Plus is for you. It will take some time to get used to writing functions rather than using resources, but the result will be worth the effort. I tested both the CodeWarrior and Symantec versions of the product and found each of them to work perfectly. If I wasn’t hard at work on another book project at this time, I’d be very tempted to write a program using the Tools Plus product.

Water’s Edge Software, 2441 Lakeshore Road West, Box 70022, Oakville, Ontario, Canada, L6L 6M9.

Phone: 1-416-219-5628 Fax: 1-905-847-1638

WaterEdg@interlog.com

http://www.interlog.com/~wateredg

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Adobe After Effects CC 2018 16.1.3 - Cre...
After Effects CC 2018 is available as part of Adobe Creative Cloud for $52.99/month (or $20.99/month for a single app license). The new, more connected After Effects CC 2018 can make the impossible... Read more
Adobe Audition CC 2019 12.1.4 - Professi...
Audition CC 2019 is available as part of Adobe Creative Cloud for as little as $20.99/month (or $9.99/month if you're a previous Audition customer). Adobe Audition CC 2019 empowers you to create and... Read more
Adobe Premiere Pro CC 2019 13.1.5 - Digi...
Premiere Pro CC 2019 is available as part of Adobe Creative Cloud for as little as $52.99/month. The price on display is a price for annual by-monthly plan for Adobe Premiere Pro only Adobe Premiere... Read more
Navicat Premium Essentials 12.1.25 - Pro...
Navicat Premium Essentials is a compact version of Navicat which provides basic and necessary features you will need to perform simple administration on a database. It supports the latest features... Read more
Sketch 58 - Design app for UX/UI for iOS...
Sketch is an innovative and fresh look at vector drawing. Its intentionally minimalist design is based upon a drawing space of unlimited size and layers, free of palettes, panels, menus, windows, and... Read more
ClipGrab 3.8.5 - Download videos from Yo...
ClipGrab is a free downloader and converter for YouTube, Vimeo, Facebook and many other online video sites. It converts downloaded videos to MPEG4, MP3 or other formats in just one easy step Version... Read more
Dash 4.6.6 - Instant search and offline...
Dash is an API documentation browser and code snippet manager. Dash helps you store snippets of code, as well as instantly search and browse documentation for almost any API you might use (for a full... Read more
FotoMagico 5.6.8 - Powerful slideshow cr...
FotoMagico lets you create professional slideshows from your photos and music with just a few, simple mouse clicks. It sports a very clean and intuitive yet powerful user interface. High image... Read more
Civilization VI 1.2.4 - Next iteration o...
Sid Meier’s Civilization VI is the next entry in the popular Civilization franchise. Originally created by legendary game designer Sid Meier, Civilization is a strategy game in which you attempt to... Read more
Skype 8.52.0.138 - Voice-over-internet p...
Skype allows you to talk to friends, family and co-workers across the Internet without the inconvenience of long distance telephone charges. Using peer-to-peer data transmission technology, Skype... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Lots of premium games are going free (so...
You may have seen over the past couple weeks a that a bunch of premium games have suddenly become free. This isn’t a mistake, nor is it some last hurrah before Apple Arcade hits, and it’s important to know that these games aren’t actually becoming... | Read more »
Yoozoo Games launches Saint Seiya Awaken...
If you’re into your anime, you’ve probably seen or heard of Saint Seiya. Based on a shonen manga by Masami Kurumada, the series was massively popular in the 1980s – especially in its native Japan. Since then, it’s grown into a franchise of all... | Read more »
Five Nights at Freddy's AR: Special...
Five Nights at Freddy's AR: Special Delivery is a terrifying new nightmare from developer Illumix. Last week, FNAF fans were sent into a frenzy by a short teaser for what we now know to be Special Delivery. Those in the comments were quick to... | Read more »
Rush Rally 3's new live events are...
Last week, Rush Rally 3 got updated with live events, and it’s one of the best things to happen to racing games on mobile. Prior to this update, the game already had multiplayer, but live events are more convenient in the sense that it’s somewhat... | Read more »
Why your free-to-play racer sucks
It’s been this way for a while now, but playing Hot Wheels Infinite Loop really highlights a big issue with free-to-play mobile racing games: They suck. It doesn’t matter if you’re trying going for realism, cart racing, or arcade nonsense, they’re... | Read more »
Steam Link Spotlight - The Banner Saga 3
Steam Link Spotlight is a new feature where we take a look at PC games that play exceptionally well using the Steam Link app. Our last entry talked about Terry Cavanaugh’s incredible Dicey Dungeons. Read about how it’s a great mobile experience... | Read more »
Combo Quest (Games)
Combo Quest 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Combo Quest is an epic, time tap role-playing adventure. In this unique masterpiece, you are a knight on a heroic quest to retrieve... | Read more »
Hero Emblems (Games)
Hero Emblems 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: ** 25% OFF for a limited time to celebrate the release ** ** Note for iPhone 6 user: If it doesn't run fullscreen on your device... | Read more »
Puzzle Blitz (Games)
Puzzle Blitz 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $1.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Puzzle Blitz is a frantic puzzle solving race against the clock! Solve as many puzzles as you can, before time runs out! You have... | Read more »
Sky Patrol (Games)
Sky Patrol 1.0.1 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $1.99, Version: 1.0.1 (iTunes) Description: 'Strategic Twist On The Classic Shooter Genre' - Indie Game Mag... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

$250 prepaid Visa card with any Apple iPhone,...
Xfinity Mobile will include a free $250 prepaid Visa card with the purchase of any new iPhone, new line activation, and transfer of phone number to Xfinity Mobile. Offer is valid through October 27,... Read more
Sprint is offering the 64GB Apple iPhone 11 P...
Sprint has the new 64GB iPhone 11 Pro available for $12.50 per month for new customers with an eligible trade-in in of iPhone 7 or newer. That’s down from their standard monthly lease of $41.67. The... Read more
Final week: Apple’s 2019 Back to School Promo...
Purchase a new Mac using Apple’s Education discount, and take up to $400 off MSRP. All teachers, students, and staff of any educational institution with a .edu email address qualify for the discount... Read more
Save $30 on Apple’s AirPods at these reseller...
Amazon is offering discounts on new 2019 Apple AirPods ranging up to $30 off MSRP as part of their Labor Day sale. Shipping is free: – AirPods with Charging Case: $144.95 $15 off MSRP – AirPods with... Read more
Preorder your Apple Watch Series 5 today at A...
Amazon has Apple Watch Series 5 GPS models available for preorder and on sale today for $15 off Apple’s MSRP. Shipping is free and starts on September 20th: – 40mm Apple Watch Series 5 GPS: $384.99 $... Read more
21″ iMacs on sale for $100 off Apple’s MSRP,...
B&H Photo has new 21″ Apple iMacs on sale for $100 off MSRP with models available starting at $999. These are the same iMacs offered by Apple in their retail and online stores. Overnight shipping... Read more
2018 4 and 6-Core Mac minis on sale today for...
Apple resellers are offering new 2018 4-Core and 6-Core Mac minis for $100-$150 off MSRP for a limited time. B&H Photo has the new 2018 4-Core and 6-Core Mac minis on sale for up to $150 off... Read more
Save $150-$250 on 10.2″ WiFi + Cellular iPads...
Verizon is offering $150-$250 discounts on Apple’s new 10.2″ WiFi + Cellular iPad with service. Buy the iPad itself and save $150. Save $250 on the purchase of an iPad along with an iPhone. The fine... Read more
Apple continues to offer 13″ 2.3GHz Dual-Core...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2017 13″ 2.3GHz Dual-Core non-Touch Bar MacBook Pros available starting at $1019. An standard Apple one-year warranty is included with each model, outer cases are new... Read more
Apple restocks 2018 MacBook Airs, Certified R...
Apple has restocked Certified Refurbished 2018 13″ MacBook Airs starting at only $849. Each MacBook features a new outer case, comes with a standard Apple one-year warranty, and is shipped free. The... Read more

Jobs Board

Student Employment (Blue *Apple* Cafe) Spri...
Student Employment (Blue Apple Cafe) Spring 2019 Penn State University Campus/Location: Penn State Brandywine Campus City: Media, PA Date Announced: 12/20/2018 Date Read more
Geek Squad *Apple* Master Consultation Agen...
**732907BR** **Job Title:** Geek Squad Apple Master Consultation Agent **Job Category:** Services/Installation/Repair **Location Number:** 000360-Williston-Store Read more
*Apple* Mobile Master - Best Buy (United Sta...
**728519BR** **Job Title:** Apple Mobile Master **Job Category:** Store Associates **Location Number:** 000853-Jackson-Store **Job Description:** **What does a Best Read more
*Apple* Mobility Pro - Best Buy (United Stat...
**733006BR** **Job Title:** Apple Mobility Pro **Job Category:** Store Associates **Location Number:** 000865-Conroe-Store **Job Description:** At Best Buy, our Read more
*Apple* Mobility Pro-Store 149 - Best Buy (U...
**731985BR** **Job Title:** Apple Mobility Pro-Store 149 **Job Category:** Store Associates **Location Number:** 000149-Towson-Store **Job Description:** At Best Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.