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Feb 96 Challenge
Volume Number:12
Issue Number:2
Column Tag:Programmer’s Challenge

Programmer’s Challenge

By Bob Boonstra, Westford, Massachusetts

Note: Source code files accompanying article are located on MacTech CD-ROM or source code disks.

Intersecting Rectangles

The Challenge this month is to write a routine that will accept a list of rectangles and calculate a result based on the intersections of those rectangles. Specifically, your code will return a list of non-overlapping rectangles that contain all points enclosed by an odd (or even) number of the input rectangles. The prototype for the code you should write is:

void RectangleIntersections(
 const Rect inputRects[], /* list if input rectangles */
 const long numRectsIn,   /* number of inputRects */
 Rect outputRects[], /* preallocated storage for output */
 long *numRectsOut,/* number of outputRects returned */
 const Boolean oddParity  /* see text for explanation */
);

The parameter oddParity indicates whether you are to return rectangles containing points enclosed by an odd number of the numRectsIn inputRects rectangles (oddParity==true) or by an even (nonzero) number of rectangles (oddParity==false). Sufficient storage for the output will be preallocated for you and pointed to by outputRects.

As an example, if you were given these inputRects:

 {0,10,20,30}, {5,15,20,30}

and oddParity were true, you might return the following list of outputRects:

 {0,10,5,15}, {0,15,5,30}, {5,10,15,20}

It would also be correct to return a result that combined the first of these rectangles with either of the other two. If oddParity were false, you would return the following list for the example input:

 {5,15,20,30}

The outputRects must be non-empty and non-overlapping. In the example, it would be incorrect to return the following for the odd parity case:

 {0,10,5,30} {0,10,20,15}

The outputRects you generate must also be maximal, in the sense that each edge of each of the outputRects should pass through a vertex of one of the inputRects. That is, for example, I don’t want you to return a 1¥1 rectangle representing each point enclosed in the desired number of inputRects. Before returning, set *numRectsOut to indicate the number of outputRects you generated.

If you need auxiliary storage, you may allocate any reasonable amount within your code using toolbox routines or malloc, but you must deallocate that storage before returning. (No memory leaks! - I’ll be calling your code many times.)

This native PowerPC Challenge will be scored using the latest Metrowerks compiler, with the winner determined by execution time. If you have any questions, or would like some test data for your code, please send me e-mail at one of the Programmer’s Challenge addresses, or directly to bob_boonstra@mactech.com. Test data will also be sent to the Programmer’s Challenge mailing list, which you can join by sending a message to autoshare@mactech.com with the SUBJECT line “sub challenge YourName”, substituting your real name for YourName.

Two Months Ago Winner

Eight of the 13 solutions submitted for the Find Again And Again Challenge worked correctly. Congratulations to Gustav Larsson (Mountain View, CA) for submitting an entry that was significantly faster than the others. The problem was to write a text search engine optimized to operate repeatedly on the same block of text. A variety of optimization techniques were represented in the solutions, a couple of which are highlighted in the table of results below. Several people optimized for the case where the same word was repeatedly searched for. Some of my tests included this case, and those results are in the columns headed “repeat.” The “random” columns shows results for tests that searched for random occurrences of random words. Each of the tests were run under conditions where only 64KB of auxiliary storage was available, and where much more memory was available. These conditions were weighted 20% and 80% respectively in calculating the total time, since the problem statement promised that ample memory would usually be provided. You can see that Gustav’s solution performed reasonably well when memory was scarce, and very well when memory was plentiful.

Gustav’s solution hashes as many words of the input text as possible in the initialization routine. He uses the Boyer-Moore-Horspool algorithm to find words in any text that was not parsed during initialization. Other features of the approach are described in the well-commented code.

Here are the times and code sizes for entries that passed by tests. Numbers in parentheses after a person’s name indicate that person’s cumulative point total for all previous Challenges, not including this one.

64K Memory >>64K Memory code

Name repeat random repeat random time size

Gustav Larsson (67) 1814 3773 62 111 1255 3584

Tom Saxton 46 16400 197 459 3814 2000

Xan Gregg (81) 27 2907 1316 2835 3907 1664

Kevin Cutts (46) 1760 3234 1760 2809 4654 1600

Joseph Ku 8856 14570 121 509 5189 1584

David Cary 60 22665 499 1000 5745 2124

Eric Lengyel (40) 34 10221 29 4697 5831 1188

Ernst Munter (110) 2036 2053 2287 4603 6330 2976

Top Contestants of All time

Here are the Top Contestants for the Programmer’s Challenges to date, including everyone who has accumulated more than 20 points. The numbers below include points awarded for this month’s entrants.

Rank Name Points Rank Name Points

1. [Name deleted] 176 11. Mallett, Jeff 44

2. Munter, Ernst 110 12. Kasparian, Raffi 42

3. Gregg, Xan 88 13. Vineyard, Jeremy 42

4. Larsson, Gustav 87 14. Lengyel, Eric 40

5. Karsh, Bill 80 15. Darrah, Dave 31

6. Stenger, Allen 65 16. Landry, Larry 29

7. Riha, Stepan 51 17. Elwertowski, Tom 24

8. Cutts, Kevin 50 18. Lee, Johnny 22

9. Goebel, James 49 19. Noll, Robert 22

10. Nepsund, Ronald 47

There are three ways to earn points: (1) scoring in the top 5 of any Challenge, (2) being the first person to find a bug in a published winning solution or, (3) being the first person to suggest a Challenge that I use. The points you can win are:

1st place 20 points 5th place 2 points

2nd place 10 points finding bug 2 points

3rd place 7 points suggesting Challenge 2 points

4th place 4 points

Here is Gustav’s winning solution:

Find Again and Again

Copyright © 1995 Gustav Larsson

Constants & Types
#define ALPHABET_SIZE 256
#define ALLOC_SIZE(n) ((n+3) & -4L) /* next multiple of 4 */
#define HASH_BUCKETS 1024           /* must be power of 2 */
#define HASH_MASK (HASH_BUCKETS - 1)
#define NO_NULL_CHAR 'A'
#define NULL 0

typedef unsigned char  uchar;
typedef unsigned short ushort;
typedef unsigned long  ulong;

typedef struct Word Word;
typedef struct Occurrence Occurrence;
typedef struct Private Private;

/* 
  A block of occurrence positions.  We pack in as many occurrences as possible into 
  a single block, from 3 to 6 depending on textLength.

  The first entry in the block is always used.  The remaining entries are in use if they 
  are not zero.  These facts are used several places to simplify the code.
*/
struct Occurrence {
  Occurrence *next;
  union {
    ushort pos2[6];   /* 2 bytes/occurrence */
    struct {
      ushort lo[4];
      uchar  hi[4];
    } pos3;           /* 3 bytes/occurrence */
    long pos4[3];     /* 4 bytes/occurrence */
  } p;
};

/*
  There is one Word struct for each distinct word.  The word’s length is stored in the 
  top eight bits of the hash value.  There’s no need to store the characters in the word 
  since we can just look at the first occurrence (first entry in Word.first).
*/
struct Word {
  Word        *next;
  ulong       hash;
  Occurrence  *last;
  Occurrence  first;
};

/*
  The structure of our private storage.  The hashCodes[] array serves two purposes: it 
  distinguishes alphanumeric from non-alphanumeric characters, and it provides a 
  non-zero hash code for each alphanumeric character.  The endParsedText field will 
  be -1 if there was enough private memory to parse all the text.  Otherwise, it points to 
  the start of the unparsed text.  nullChar is used by the BMH_Search() function when 
  we must search unparsed text for an occurrence.
*/
struct Private {
  ulong hashCodes [ ALPHABET_SIZE ];
  Word  *hashTable [ HASH_BUCKETS ];
  long  endParsedText;  /* start of parsed text */
  long  posBytes;       /* POS_x_BYTES, below */
  char  nullChar;       /* char not appearing in the text */
  long  heap;           /* start of private heap  */
};

Macros
/*
  These macros simplify access to the occurrence positions stored in an Occurrence 
  struct.  Posbytes is a macro argument that is usually set to private->posBytes.  
  However, you can also use a constant for posbytes, which lets the compiler choose 
  the right case at compile time, producing smaller and faster code.
*/
#define POS_2_BYTES 1   /* word position fits in 2 bytes */
#define POS_3_BYTES 0   /* fits in 3 bytes; usual case */
#define POS_4_BYTES 2   /* fits in 4 bytes */

#define GET_POS(pos,occur,index,posbytes)           \
  {                                                 \
    if ( (posbytes) == POS_3_BYTES )                \
      pos = ((long)(occur)->p.pos3.hi[index] << 16) \
          + (occur)->p.pos3.lo[index];              \
    else if ( (posbytes) == POS_2_BYTES )           \
      pos = (occur)->p.pos2[index];                 \
    else                                            \
      pos = (occur)->p.pos4[index];                 \
  }

#define SET_POS(pos,occur,index,posbytes)       \
  {                                             \
    if ( (posbytes) == POS_3_BYTES )            \
    {                                           \
      (occur)->p.pos3.hi[index] = (pos) >> 16;  \
      (occur)->p.pos3.lo[index] = (pos);        \
    }                                           \
    else if ( (posbytes) == POS_2_BYTES )       \
      (occur)->p.pos2[index] = pos;             \
    else                                        \
      (occur)->p.pos4[index] = pos;             \
  }

InitFind
void InitFind (
  char *textToSearch,
  long textLength,
  void *privateStorage,
  long storageSize
)
{
  Private *private = privateStorage;

  private->endParsedText =
    InitFindBody(
        (uchar *)textToSearch,
        textLength,
        privateStorage,
        (uchar *)privateStorage + storageSize
    );

  if ( private->endParsedText != -1 )
    private->nullChar =
      PickNullChar(
            private,
            (uchar *)textToSearch + private->endParsedText,
            (uchar *)textToSearch + textLength );
  else
    private->nullChar = NO_NULL_CHAR;
}

InitFindBody
/*
  This function does most of the work for InitFind().  The arguments have been recast 
  into a more useful form; uchar and ulong are used a lot so that we don’t have to 
  worry about the sign, especially when indexing private->hashCodes[].

  The return value is the character position when the unparsed text begins (if we run 
  out of private storage), or -1 if all the text was parsed.
*/
static long InitFindBody (
  uchar   *textToSearch,
  long    textLength,
  Private *private,
  uchar   *endPrivateStorage
)
{
  uchar       *alloc, *textPos, *textEnd, *wordStart;
  long        wordLength;
  ulong       hash, code;
  Word        *word;
  Occurrence  *occur;

/*
  Init table of hash codes.  The remaining entries are guaranteed to be initialized to 
  zero.  The hash codes were chosen so that any two codes differ by at least five bits.
  */
  {
    ulong *table = private->hashCodes;  /* reduces typing */

    table['0'] = 0xFFC0;  table['5'] = 0xF492;
    table['1'] = 0xFE07;  table['6'] = 0xF31E;
    table['2'] = 0xF98B;  table['7'] = 0xF2D9;
    table['3'] = 0xF84C;  table['8'] = 0xCF96;
    table['4'] = 0xF555;  table['9'] = 0xCE51;

    table['A'] = 0xC9DD;  table['N'] = 0xA245;
    table['B'] = 0xC81A;  table['O'] = 0x9F0A;
    table['C'] = 0xC503;  table['P'] = 0x9ECD;
    table['D'] = 0xC4C4;  table['Q'] = 0x9941;
    table['E'] = 0xC348;  table['R'] = 0x9886;
    table['F'] = 0xC28F;  table['S'] = 0x959F;
    table['G'] = 0xAF5C;  table['T'] = 0x9458;
    table['H'] = 0xAE9B;  table['U'] = 0x93D4;
    table['I'] = 0xA917;  table['V'] = 0x9213;
    table['J'] = 0xA8D0;  table['W'] = 0x6DD3;
    table['K'] = 0xA5C9;  table['X'] = 0x6C14;
    table['L'] = 0xA40E;  table['Y'] = 0x6B98;
    table['M'] = 0xA382;  table['Z'] = 0x6A5F;

    table['a'] = 0x6746;  table['n'] = 0x3C88;
    table['b'] = 0x6681;  table['o'] = 0x3B04;
    table['c'] = 0x610D;  table['p'] = 0x3AC3;
    table['d'] = 0x60CA;  table['q'] = 0x37DA;
    table['e'] = 0x5D85;  table['r'] = 0x361D;
    table['f'] = 0x5C42;  table['s'] = 0x3191;
    table['g'] = 0x5BCE;  table['t'] = 0x3056;
    table['h'] = 0x5A09;  table['u'] = 0x0D19;
    table['i'] = 0x5710;  table['v'] = 0x0CDE;
    table['j'] = 0x56D7;  table['w'] = 0x0B52;
    table['k'] = 0x515B;  table['x'] = 0x0A95;
    table['l'] = 0x509C;  table['y'] = 0x078C;
    table['m'] = 0x3D4F;  table['z'] = 0x064B;
  }

  /*  Determine the number of bytes needed to store each occurrence position. */
  if ( textLength <= 0x10000L )
    private->posBytes = POS_2_BYTES;
  else if ( textLength <= 0x1000000L )
    private->posBytes = POS_3_BYTES;
  else
    private->posBytes = POS_4_BYTES;

  /* Set up variables to handle allocation of private storage. */
  alloc = (uchar *)&private->heap;

  /* Parse the text */
  textPos = textToSearch;
  textEnd = textPos + textLength;

  while ( textPos != textEnd )
  {
    /* Search for start of word */
    while ( private->hashCodes[*textPos] == 0 )
    {
      textPos++;
      if ( textPos == textEnd )
        return -1;  /* parse all text */
    }
    wordStart = textPos;

    /* Search for end of word; generate hash value too */
    hash = 0;
    while ( textPos != textEnd &&
            (code = private->hashCodes[ *textPos ]) != 0 )
    {
      hash = (hash << 1) ^ code;
      textPos++;
    }
    wordLength = textPos - wordStart;
    hash = (hash & 0xFFFFFF) | (wordLength << 24);

    /*
      Record the occurrence.  First we see if a Word struct exists for this word and 
      whether we need to allocate a new Occurrence struct.
    */
    word = LookupWord(
                private,
                (char *)textToSearch,
                (char *)wordStart,
                wordLength,
                hash );
    if ( word )
    {
      long allocateNewBlock, blockSize, i, pos;

      /*
        This word has occurred before, so it already has a Word struct.  See if there’s 
        room in the last Occurrence block for another entry.  Remember that entry #0 in 
        the Occurrence block is always in use, so we can start checking at entry #1 for a 
        non-zero entry.
      */
      occur = word->last;
      allocateNewBlock = TRUE;
      switch ( private->posBytes )
      {
        case POS_2_BYTES:  blockSize = 6; break;
        case POS_3_BYTES:  blockSize = 4; break;
        case POS_4_BYTES:  blockSize = 3; break;
      }

      for ( i = 1; i < blockSize; i++ )
      {
        GET_POS( pos, occur, i, private->posBytes )
        if ( pos == 0 )
        {
          SET_POS( wordStart - textToSearch, occur, i,
                   private->posBytes )
          allocateNewBlock = FALSE;
          break;
        }
      }

      if ( allocateNewBlock )
      {
        /* Block is full.  Allocate new Occurrence block */
        occur = (Occurrence *) alloc;
        alloc += ALLOC_SIZE( sizeof(Occurrence) );
        if ( alloc >= endPrivateStorage )
          return wordStart-textToSearch; /* out of memory */

        /* Init the new struct and link it to the end of the occurence list. */
        SET_POS( wordStart - textToSearch, occur, 0,
                 private->posBytes )
        word->last->next = occur;
        word->last = occur;
      }
    }
    else
    {
      long i;

/* This is a new word.  Allocate a new Word struct, which contains an Occurrence 
    struct too.  */
      word = (Word *) alloc;
      alloc += ALLOC_SIZE( sizeof(Word) );
      if ( alloc >= endPrivateStorage )
        return wordStart-textToSearch ;  /* out of memory */

      /*  Link it to the start of the Word list, coming off the hash table. */
      word->next = private->hashTable[ hash & HASH_MASK ];
      private->hashTable[ hash & HASH_MASK ] = word;

      /* Init the Word struct */
      word->hash = hash;
      word->last = &word->first;

      /* Init the Occurrence struct */
      SET_POS( wordStart - textToSearch, &word->first, 0,
               private->posBytes )
    }
  }

  /* Finished parsing text */
  return -1;
}

FindWordOccurrence
long FindWordOccurrence (
  char *wordToFind,
  long wordLength,
  long occurrenceToFind,
  char *textToSearch,
  long textLength,
  void *privateStorage,
  long storageSize
)
{
  Private *private = privateStorage;
  Word  *word;
  ulong hash;

  /* Make occurenceToFind zero-based */
  occurrenceToFind--;

  /* Generate hash value for word to find */
  hash = 0;
  {
    long remain = wordLength;
    uchar *p = (uchar *) wordToFind;
    while ( remain > 0 )
    {
      hash = (hash << 1) ^ private->hashCodes[*p++];
      remain--;
    }
    hash = (hash & 0xFFFFFF) | (wordLength << 24);
  }

  /* Look for word/occurrence in hash table */
  word = LookupWord( private, textToSearch, wordToFind,
                     wordLength, hash );
  if ( word )
  {
    Occurrence *occur = &word->first;
    long blockSize, pos, i;

    /* Word exists in hash table, so go down the occurrence list.  */
    switch ( private->posBytes )
    {
      case POS_2_BYTES: blockSize = 6;  break;
      case POS_3_BYTES: blockSize = 4;  break;
      case POS_4_BYTES: blockSize = 3;  break;
    }

    while ( occur && occurrenceToFind >= blockSize )
    {
      occurrenceToFind -= blockSize;
      occur = occur->next;
    }

    if ( occur )
    {
      GET_POS( pos, occur, occurrenceToFind,
               private->posBytes )
      if ( occurrenceToFind == 0 || pos != 0 )
        return pos;
      occurrenceToFind -= blockSize;
    }

    occur = word->last;
    for ( i = 0; i < blockSize; i++ )
    {
      GET_POS( pos, occur, i, private->posBytes )
      if ( pos == 0 )
        occurrenceToFind++;
    }
  }

  /* Not in parsed text, so check the unparsed text */
  if ( private->endParsedText != -1 )
  {
    char *p;
    if ( wordLength > 3 )
      p = BMH_Search(
              private->hashCodes,
              wordToFind,
              wordLength,
              occurrenceToFind,
              textToSearch + private->endParsedText,
              textToSearch + textLength,
              private->nullChar );
    else
      p = SimpleSearch(
              private->hashCodes,
              wordToFind,
              wordLength,
              occurrenceToFind,
              textToSearch + private->endParsedText,
              textToSearch + textLength );
    if (p)
      return (p - textToSearch);
  }

  /* Not found */
  return -1;
}

LookupWord 
/* Look up a word in the hash table */
static Word *LookupWord (
  Private *private,
  char    *textToSearch,
  char    *wordText,
  long    wordLength,
  ulong   hash
)
{
  Word *word = private->hashTable[ hash & HASH_MASK ];
  while ( word )
  {
    if ( word->hash == hash )
    {
      char *w1, *w2;
      long pos, remain = wordLength;

      /*
        The hash values match, so compare characters to make sure it’s the right word.  
        We already know the word length is correct since the length is contained
        in the upper eight bits of the hash value.
      */
      GET_POS( pos, &word->first, 0, private->posBytes )
      w1 = textToSearch + pos;
      w2 = wordText;
      while ( remain-- > 0 && *w1++ == *w2++ )
        ;
      if ( remain == -1 )
        return word;
    }
    word = word->next;
  }
  return NULL;
}

PickNullChar 
/*
  Find a character that doesn’t appear anywhere in the unparsed text.  BMH_Search() is 
  faster if such a character can be found.
*/
static char PickNullChar (
  Private *private,
  uchar   *textStart,
  uchar   *textEnd
)
{
  long i;
  uchar *p, occurs[ ALPHABET_SIZE ];

  for ( i = 0; i < ALPHABET_SIZE; i++ )
    occurs[i] = FALSE;

  for ( p = textStart; p < textEnd; p++ )
    occurs[*p] = TRUE;

  for ( i = 0; i < ALPHABET_SIZE; i++ )
    if ( occurs[i] == FALSE && private->hashCodes[i] == 0 )
      return i;

  return NO_NULL_CHAR;
}

BMH_Search
/*
  Search the unparsed text using the Boyer-Moore-Horspool algorithm.  Ideally a null 
  character is supplied (one that appears in neither the search string nor the text being 
  searched).  This allows the inner loop to be faster.
*/
static char *BMH_Search (
  ulong *hashCodes,       /* private->hashCodes     */
  char  *wordToFind,
  long  wordLength,
  long  occurrenceToFind, /* 0 is first occurrence  */
  char  *textStart,       /* start of unparsed text */
  char  *textEnd,         /* end of unparsed text   */
  char  nullChar          /* private->nullChar      */
)
{
  long  i;
  char  *text, *wordEnd;
  char  word[256];
  long  offset[ ALPHABET_SIZE ];

  /*
    Copy the search string to a private buffer, where
    the first character is the null character.
  */
  word[0] = nullChar;
  for ( i = 0; i < wordLength; i++ )
    word[i+1] = wordToFind[i];

  /* Set up the offset[] lookup table */
  for ( i = 0; i < ALPHABET_SIZE; i++ )
    offset[i] = wordLength;

  for ( i = 1; i < wordLength; i++ )
    offset[ word[i] ] = wordLength - i;

  /* Let the search begin... */
  wordEnd = word + wordLength;
  text = textStart + wordLength - 1;

  if ( nullChar == NO_NULL_CHAR )
  {
    /* No null character, so use a slower inner loop */
    while ( text < textEnd )
    {
      long i;
      char *p, *q;
      for ( i = wordLength, p = wordEnd, q = text;
            i > 0 && *p == *q;
            i--, p--, q-- )
        ;
/*If i == 0, we have found the search string.  Now we make sure that it is delimited.*/
      if ( i == 0 && hashCodes[*q] == 0 &&
           (text+1 == textEnd || hashCodes[text[1]] == 0) )
      {
        if ( occurrenceToFind == 0 )
          return q+1;
        occurrenceToFind--;
      }

      text += offset[*text];
    }
  }
  else
  {
    /* There is a null character (usual case), 
        so we can use a faster and simpler inner loop. */
    while ( text < textEnd )
    {
      char *p, *q;
      for ( p = wordEnd, q = text; *p == *q; p--, q-- )
        ;
      if ( p == word && hashCodes[*q] == 0 &&
           (text+1 == textEnd || hashCodes[text[1]] == 0) )
      {
        if ( occurrenceToFind == 0 )
          return q+1;
        occurrenceToFind--;
      }
      text += offset[*text];
    }
  }
  return NULL;
}

SimpleSearch
/*
  Search the unparsed text using a simple search algorithm.  Note that wordLength 
  must be 1, 2, or 3.  This algorithm runs faster than BMH_Search() for small search 
  strings.
*/
static char *SimpleSearch(
  ulong *hashCodes,       /* private->hashCodes      */
  char  *wordToFind,
  long  wordLength,       /* 1..3                    */
  long  occurrenceToFind, /* 0 is 1st occurrence     */
  char  *textStart,       /* start of unparsed text  */
  char  *textEnd          /* end of all text         */
)
{
  char *text, first;

  first = wordToFind[0];
  text = textStart;

  if ( wordLength == 1 )
  {
    while ( text < textEnd )
    {
      while ( text < textEnd && *text != first )
        text++;
      if ( hashCodes[*(text-1)] == 0 &&
           hashCodes[text[wordLength]] == 0 )
      {
        if ( occurrenceToFind == 0 )
          return text;
        occurrenceToFind--;
      }
    text++;
    }
  }
  else if ( wordLength == 2 )
  {
    while ( text < textEnd )
    {
      while ( text < textEnd && *text != first )
        text++;
      if ( text[1] == wordToFind[1] &&
           hashCodes[*(text-1)] == 0 &&
           hashCodes[text[wordLength]] == 0 )
      {
        if ( occurrenceToFind == 0 )
          return text;
        occurrenceToFind--;
      }
    text++;
    }
  }
  else /* wordLength == 3 */
  {
    while ( text < textEnd )
    {
      while ( text < textEnd && *text != first )
        text++;
      if ( text[1] == wordToFind[1] &&
           text[2] == wordToFind[2] &&
           hashCodes[*(text-1)] == 0 &&
           hashCodes[text[wordLength]] == 0 )
      {
        if ( occurrenceToFind == 0 )
          return text;
        occurrenceToFind--;
      }
    text++;
    }
  }
  return NULL;
}

 

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TeamViewer gives you remote control of any computer or Mac over the Internet within seconds or can be used for online meetings. Find out why more than 200 million users trust TeamViewer! Free for non... Read more
SteerMouse 5.4.3 - Powerful third-party...
SteerMouse is an advanced driver for USB and Bluetooth mice. SteerMouse can assign various functions to buttons that Apple's software does not allow, including double-clicks, modifier clicks,... Read more
Toast Titanium 18.2.1 - The ultimate med...
Roxio Toast Titanium, the leading DVD burner for Mac, makes burning even better, adding Roxio Secure Burn to protect your files on disc and USB in Mac- or Windows-compatible formats. Get more style... Read more
HoudahSpot 5.0.11 - Advanced file-search...
HoudahSpot is a versatile desktop search tool. Use HoudahSpot to locate hard-to-find files and keep frequently used files within reach. HoudahSpot will immediately feel familiar. It works just the... Read more
ClipGrab 3.8.6 - Download videos from Yo...
ClipGrab is a free downloader and converter for YouTube, Vimeo, Facebook and many other online video sites. It converts downloaded videos to MPEG4, MP3 or other formats in just one easy step Version... Read more
ExpanDrive 7.4.0 - Access cloud storage...
ExpanDrive builds cloud storage in every application, acts just like a USB drive plugged into your Mac. With ExpanDrive, you can securely access any remote file server directly from the Finder or... Read more
Adobe Dreamweaver CC 2020 20.0 - Build w...
Dreamweaver CC 2020 is available as part of Adobe Creative Cloud for as little as $20.99/month (or $9.99/month if you're a previous Dreamweaver customer). Adobe Dreamweaver CC 2020 allows you to... Read more
Eye Candy 7.2.3.85 - 30 professional Pho...
Eye Candy renders realistic effects that are difficult or impossible to achieve in Photoshop alone, such as Fire, Chrome, and the new Lightning. Effects like Animal Fur, Smoke, and Reptile Skin are... Read more
Sparkle Pro 2.8.5 - Visual website creat...
Sparkle Pro will change your mind if you thought building websites wasn't for you. Sparkle is the intuitive site builder that lets you create sites for your online portfolio, team or band pages, or... Read more

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Pre-register for Hello Kitty AR: Kawaii...
Hello Kitty — the cute cat that launched a multi-billion-pound franchise — has been brought to life… sort of. Sanrio has teamed up with the Bublar Group to create a new mobile game that uses AR tech to turn the real world into Hello Kitty’s... | Read more »
Gorgeous and tranquil puzzler Spring Fal...
One-man indie studio SPARSE//GameDev has now launched its tranquil puzzler, Spring Falls. It's described as "a peaceful puzzle game about water, erosion, and watching things grow". [Read more] | Read more »
Black Desert Mobile gets an official rel...
Pearl Abyss has just announced that its highly-anticipated MMO, Black Desert Mobile, will launch globally for iOS and Android on December 11th. [Read more] | Read more »
Another Eden receives new a episode, cha...
Another Eden, WFS' popular RPG, has received another update that brings new story content to the game alongside a few new heroes to discover. [Read more] | Read more »
Overdox guide - Tips and tricks for begi...
Overdox is a clever battle royale that changes things up by adding MOBA mechanics and melee combat to the mix. This new hybrid game can be quite a bit to take in at first, so we’ve put together a list of tips to help you get a leg up on the... | Read more »
Roterra Extreme - Great Escape is a pers...
Roterra Extreme – Great Escape has been described by developers Dig-It Games as a mini-sequel to their acclaimed title Roterra: Flip the Fairytale. It continues that game's tradition of messing with which way is up, tasking you with solving... | Read more »
Hearthstone: Battlegrounds open beta lau...
Remember earlier this year when auto battlers were the latest hotness? We had Auto Chess, DOTA Underlords, Chess Rush, and more all gunning for our attention. They all had their own reasons to play, but, at least from where I'm standing, most... | Read more »
The House of Da Vinci 2 gets a new gamep...
The House of Da Vinci launched all the way back in 2017. Now, developer Blue Brain Games is gearing up to deliver a second dose of The Room-inspired puzzling. Some fresh details have now emerged, alongside the game's first official trailer. [Read... | Read more »
Shoot 'em up action awaits in Battl...
BattleBrew Productions has just introduced another entry into its award winning, barrelpunk inspired, BattleSky Brigade series. Whilst its previous title BattleSky Brigade TapTap provided fans with idle town building gameplay, this time the... | Read more »
Arcade classic R-Type Dimensions EX blas...
If you're a long time fan of shmups and have been looking for something to play lately, Tozai Games may have just released an ideal game for you on iOS. R-Type Dimensions EX brings the first R-Type and its sequel to iOS devices. [Read more] | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

13″ 2.4GHz MacBook Pros available for up to $...
Apple has a full line of Certified Refurbished 2019 13″ 2.4GHz 4-Core Touch Bar MacBook Pros available starting at $1529 and up to $300 off MSRP. Apple’s one-year warranty is included, shipping is... Read more
New at T-Mobile: Switch to T-Mobile, and get...
T-Mobile is offering a free 64GB iPhone 8 for new customers who switch to T-Mobile and open a new line of service. Eligible trade-in required, and discount applied over a 24 month period. The fine... Read more
Xfinity Mobile’s Black Friday Apple savings:...
Take $250 off the purchase of any iPhone at Xfinity Mobile with a new line activation, and transfer of phone number to Xfinity Mobile, through December 8, 2019. This includes Apple’s new iPhone 11... Read more
2019 13″ 1.4GHz MacBook Pros available starti...
Apple has a full line of Certified Refurbished 2019 13″ 1.4GHz 4-Core Touch Bar MacBook Pros available starting at $1099 and up to $230 off MSRP. Apple’s one-year warranty is included, shipping is... Read more
Save up to $350 on a 21″ or 27″ iMac with the...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2019 21″ & 27″ iMacs available starting at $929 and up to $350 off the cost of new models. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard, shipping is free, and each iMac... Read more
Early Holiday 2019 Sale: B&H again offers...
B&H Photo has 10.2″ iPads on sale again for $30 off Apple’s MSRP, starting at $299, as part of their early Holiday 2019 sale. Overnight shipping is free to many addresses in the US: – 10.2″ 32GB... Read more
Apple iMacs on sale today at B&H Photo fo...
B&H Photo has new 2019 21″ and 27″ 5K iMacs on stock today and on sale for up to $150 off Apple’s MSRP. Overnight shipping is free to many locations in the US. These are the same iMacs sold by... Read more
2018 4 and 6-Core Mac minis on sale today for...
Apple resellers are offering new 2018 4-Core and 6-Core Mac minis for $80-$100 off MSRP for a limited time. B&H Photo has the new 2018 4-Core and 6-Core Mac minis on sale for up to $100 off Apple... Read more
Early Holiday 2019 sale at B&H Photo: 12....
B&H Photo has new 12.9″ iPad Pros on sale for up to $120 off Apple’s MSRP as part of their early Holiday 2019 sale. Overnight shipping is free to many addresses in the US: – 12.9″ 64GB WiFi iPad... Read more
8-Core iMac Pro on sale today for $4499 at B...
B&H Photo has the base 8-Core 3.2GHz 32GB/1TB iMac Pro on sale today for $4499 — $500 off Apple’s MSRP. Shipping is free. Their price is the lowest available for a new iMac Pro from any Apple... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Health Benefit Specialist - Call Cen...
Description ** Apple Health Benefit Specialist - Call Center (MAS 3/MACSC)** **Olympia, WA Multiple Positions** *The ideal candidate for this position will have Read more
Hair Stylist - *Apple* Blossom Mall - JCPen...
Hair Stylist - Apple Blossom Mall Location:Winchester, VA, United States- Apple Blossom Mall 1850 Apple Blossom Dr Job ID:1065040Salon Professionals Job Read more
*Apple* Mobility Pro - Best Buy (United Stat...
**747088BR** **Job Title:** Apple Mobility Pro **Job Category:** Store Associates **Store NUmber or Department:** 000297-Reston-Store **Job Description:** At Best Read more
Nurse Practitioner - Field Based (San Bernard...
Nurse Practitioner - Field Based (San Bernardino, CA, Apple Valley, Hesperia) **Location:** **United States** **Requisition #:** PS30312 **Post Date:** Nov 11, 2019 Read more
Best Buy *Apple* Computing Master - Best Bu...
**747061BR** **Job Title:** Best Buy Apple Computing Master **Job Category:** Store Associates **Store NUmber or Department:** 000647-Kildeer-Store **Job Read more
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