TweetFollow Us on Twitter

True BASIC Returns
Volume Number:8
Issue Number:3
Column Tag:Tools of the Trade

The Return of True BASIC

It's now more compatible than ever!

By Dave Kelly, MacTutor Regular Contributing Author

It would be interesting to count how many people are still using BASIC (beginners all-purpose symbolic instruction code) today. Of course, if you count all of the Apple II (IIe, IIc, IIgs), and PC clone users it would increase the total significantly. I guess the question is really, how many people do their own programming these days? I don’t mean spreadsheet or database programming. Some people think they have mastered programming as soon as they set up their first spreadsheet or database. That doesn’t count.

Over the years I’ve had many people ask me about what computer they should buy. The choice is much easier now, but I still ask the same question: What do you want to do with it? A typical answer is something like: “ my checkbook, keep track of addresses or phone numbers, get a better understanding of how computers work, and let my kids learn to program it.” Many computer users don’t actually have anything important in mind when the buy a computer. They just think it would be a good thing for their kids. Programming is a secondary notion that usually is never realized. It’s more likely that a user will learn to program if the programming language is included with the computer at the time it is purchased. I think that is one reason that HyperCard is so popular is that it is included with every Macintosh. BASIC still takes first place in popularity among novice computer users. That’s a daring statement, considering that most Macintosh software has been written in either Pascal or C. [On the other hand, Microsoft uses Word BASIC for its word processing scripting language. - Ed.]

Dartmouth College Professors John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz invented BASIC back in the 1960s. Their dream was to make it possible for each of their students to have personal access to a computer. BASIC made this dream possible. Thousands of people all over the world are able to write their own programs in ways that fulfill their own dreams.

It is important to note that although BASIC has been widespread in the past, it has not been as prevalent today. This is probably because the Macintosh doesn’t include BASIC when you buy it. Most MS-DOS based clones do include GWBASIC, but the majority of users today are not as interested in programming as they are just using applications on their computer. HyperCard has helped to changed that, but I still have many friends with Macs that have never learned how to use HyperCard. At least one friend said he had not even used it once.

NEW SAMPLER EDITION

True BASIC has done a lot to change this complacency. About a year ago they began testing of a Sampler Edition of True BASIC with a series of textbooks and special products. This new Sampler Edition of True BASIC is the best deal ever for someone that wants to tinker around with BASIC and isn’t sure how serious they want to get. It is also an ideal product for students to use in introductory programming classes. The best thing about the Sampler Edition is the price, only $14.95. This edition offers

• the same powerful BASIC language features of a modern, structured programming language.

• the user can save NEW programs of 150 lines or less.

• the ability to run True BASIC programs of any size.

• a simplified and easier to understand manual including an introduction to BASIC programming.

• libraries and demonstration programs.

• a version for both MS-DOS and Macintosh computers.

• an affordable way for every student to have their own package at a extremely low price.

The Sampler Edition is an exceptional value. It comes with a fully functional version of True BASIC except for the line number limitation for new programs and you don’t have the ability to create double-clickable stand alone applications.

For more advanced programmers, True BASIC, Inc. has recently released version 2.5 of True BASIC. The changes to True BASIC with this release were very much needed. The last version reviewed in MacTutor was version 2.01 a few years ago. If you were still using version 2.01 a year or so ago you would have found out that True BASIC didn’t work at all. It’s fixed now; True BASIC 2.5 is compatible with system 6.07, 7.0, and 7.01.

Version 2.5 comes with an update manual that explains the changes and additions. Nearly half of the “new features” are bug fixes that fix True BASIC to work properly with MultiFinder, System 7, printers, and desk accessories. True BASIC now supports background operations. You are warned, however, that dialog routines in the MacTools library do not wait until you bring items to the foreground ultimately resulting in a system error or program crash. Using the TrueWindows library in the Developer’s Toolkit prevents this problem. Although the previous version of the Developer’s Toolkit still works with version 2.5, the Developer’s Toolkit needs to be upgraded to. Besides fixing minor bugs, the new Developer’s Toolkit supports a new low level routine in the System library, D_trap, that can be used to implement the new dispatcher-style traps, many of which were introduced in Inside Macintosh VI.

BACK TO THE BASICS

As with previous versions, True BASIC is still a very rich version of Basic, as far as the language goes. The command set follows the ANSI standard for Basic more closely than any other Basic available. Of course this is because the authors (John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz) of True BASIC were key proponents of ANSI standard BASIC. Language improvements in this version include: 16 to 1 increase in speed in multiplying two 100 by 100 matrices. Despite the improvements, True BASIC is still not a serious developer environment. It’s a great environment for teaching structured programming though. There are no major enhancements to the Basic command set.

The True BASIC programming environment has a few notable additions. Scripts can now include keyboard equivalents to completely automate dialog interaction. The ALIAS command gives you more flexibility in organizing. Any monospaced font can be specified for the Source Window, Command Window, and Output Window. When the option key is held down on startup, a dialog is presented that lets you set configuration parameters for specifying the free space in the application heap and turning off/on the use of the floating point coprocessor if it exists.

If these changes and additions don’t sound like much, you’re right. True BASIC is basically the same True BASIC product as before. The major difference is that now it runs with current system software. The most visible change is that the signal light window is now gone because they say that it would not work properly when running in the background.

If you are or have been a True BASIC user in the past you will want to have version 2.5. If you are learning or teaching BASIC, True BASIC is an excellent choice. If you are serious about developing applications in BASIC then ZBasic is a much better choice.

The Developer’s Toolkit is a must if you want your program to look and feel like it belongs on a Macintosh. The Developer’s Toolkit should have been included with True BASIC. Since True BASIC doesn’t lend itself well to “serious” application development, many users will not need the capability provided by the Developer’s Toolkit. University professors and other educational people that use True BASIC in their classes will want their students to have the Sampler Edition while they use the full True BASIC language system. True BASIC, Inc. didn’t include the Developer’s Toolkit with True BASIC since most of these people won’t need it anyway. Even teachers will appreciate the Developer’s Toolkit.

Let’s take a quick look at the Developer’s Toolkit version 2.0. As I mentioned, the older version of the Developer’s Toolkit (version 1.0) needs to be updated to work with True BASIC 2.5. It should be apparent to most of you that since Apple has updated system software, the Developer’s Toolkit would be affected. Changes included access to ROM routines that are described in Inside Macintosh Volumes 4 and 5, including support for Color QuickDraw (IM vol 5). The True Windows library has been added to the toolkit. True Windows is True BASIC’s simplified way to create and manage Macintosh windows, menus, and dialog boxes. True Windows are still limited to “B/W” mode (black and white).

It is very disappointing that the toolkit only includes support for Inside Macintosh volumes I through V. The routines work with System 7.0, but none of the volume VI routines are included. The Low-Level routines let you create your own trap interface routines to support calls that are not yet supported. After all, System 7.0 has been out for over a year-plenty of time for True BASIC to add volume VI support.

You can now “load” the toolkit libraries. This greatly reduces the startup time for your programs. The libraries need to be located in either the same folder as the True BASIC application or the same folder as your BASIC program in order for True BASIC to find them. This makes it difficult to run the demo programs without some planning to be sure that all libraries are available in the right folder.

OTHER LIBRARIES

You’ll love the extensive set of libraries available for True BASIC. Some of them I have shown you here in MacTutor in the past, but True BASIC, Inc. now has several new libraries that are available. Among the libraries you can get are: 3-D Graphics Toolkit, Business Graphics Toolkit, Scientific Graphics Toolkit, Mathematician’s Toolkit, Sorting & Searching Toolkit, Advanced String Toolkit and Communications Toolkit. Older versions of these libraries don’t require any update since they still work properly with True BASIC version 2.5. In addition, the Kemeny-Kurtz Math Series consists of powerful Algebra, Pre-Calculus, and Calculus programs. Educators and scientists will find these routines extremely useful.

The procedure for creating double-clickable applications is still the same as in the previous version of True BASIC. Your application will be 80K plus the size of your compiled True BASIC program. A few improvements have been added to help your application work better with new Apple System software. An application program named BOUNDER allows you to change the default rules used by True BASIC when the program is launched. In particular, you can adjust the default font and size, the minimum heap available for True BASIC, the minimum heap left free, the maximum heap left free and the current memory partition size (also adjustable in the Finder’s Get Info dialog). A radio style check box allows you to specify if the application can run in the background under Multifinder (or System 7.0). This is the same as the canBackground flag in the bundle resource. These fields are quite important since problems could result if their values are too far out of range. You have to experiment to determine what setting to use.

Bottom Line

True BASIC is ideal for students and educators that use BASIC as a part of their various curriculum. It may even be suitable for scientists or engineers because of the rich set of math and graphics libraries. I still prefer ANSI standard BASIC as far as BASIC goes. However, it would be more suitable to write any serious commercial applications programs in ZBasic especially if you care about speed. Since True BASIC isn’t compiled to native processor code (so that it will run on True BASIC on multiple platforms), programs written in True BASIC are slower. There are applications where this doesn’t matter. In many cases, education is one of these areas.

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Macs Fan Control 1.5.0.0 - Monitor and c...
Macs Fan Control allows you to monitor and control almost any aspect of your computer's fans, with support for controlling fan speed, temperature sensors pane, menu-bar icon, and autostart with... Read more
Daylite 6.7.7 - Dynamic business organiz...
Daylite helps businesses organize themselves with tools such as shared calendars, contacts, tasks, projects, notes, and more. Enable easy collaboration with features such as task and project... Read more
OpenOffice 4.1.7 - Free and open-source...
OpenOffice.org is both an Open Source product and a project. The product is a multi-platform office productivity suite. It includes the key desktop applications, such as a word processor, spreadsheet... Read more
Backup and Sync 3.46 - File backup and s...
Backup and Sync (was Google Drive) is a place where you can create, share, collaborate, and keep all of your stuff. Whether you're working with a friend on a joint research project, planning a... Read more
iClock 5.5 - Customizable menu bar clock...
iClock replaces the old Apple's default menu bar clock with more features, customization and increases your productivity. Features: Have your Apple or Google calendar instantly available from the... Read more
Garmin Express 6.18.0.0 - Manage your Ga...
Garmin Express is your essential tool for managing your Garmin devices. Update maps, golf courses and device software. You can even register your device. Update maps Update software Register your... Read more
MarsEdit 4.3.5 - Quick and convenient bl...
MarsEdit is a blog editor for OS X that makes editing your blog like writing email, with spell-checking, drafts, multiple windows, and even AppleScript support. It works with with most blog services... Read more
Xcode 11.0 - Integrated development envi...
Xcode includes everything developers need to create great applications for Mac, iPhone, iPad, and Apple Watch. Xcode provides developers a unified workflow for user interface design, coding, testing... Read more
DaisyDisk 4.8 - $9.99
DaisyDisk allows you to visualize your disk usage and free up disk space by quickly finding and deleting big unused files. The program scans your disk and displays its content as a sector diagram... Read more
VMware Fusion 11.5.0 - Run Windows apps...
VMware Fusion and Fusion Pro - virtualization software for running Windows, Linux, and other systems on a Mac without rebooting. The latest version includes full support for Windows 10, macOS Mojave... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Marvel Strike Force is adding Agent Coul...
Marvel Strike Force, the popular squad-based RPG, is set to receive a bunch of new content over the next few weeks. [Read more] | Read more »
Lots of premium games are going free (so...
You may have seen over the past couple weeks a that a bunch of premium games have suddenly become free. This isn’t a mistake, nor is it some last hurrah before Apple Arcade hits, and it’s important to know that these games aren’t actually becoming... | Read more »
Yoozoo Games launches Saint Seiya Awaken...
If you’re into your anime, you’ve probably seen or heard of Saint Seiya. Based on a shonen manga by Masami Kurumada, the series was massively popular in the 1980s – especially in its native Japan. Since then, it’s grown into a franchise of all... | Read more »
Five Nights at Freddy's AR: Special...
Five Nights at Freddy's AR: Special Delivery is a terrifying new nightmare from developer Illumix. Last week, FNAF fans were sent into a frenzy by a short teaser for what we now know to be Special Delivery. Those in the comments were quick to... | Read more »
Rush Rally 3's new live events are...
Last week, Rush Rally 3 got updated with live events, and it’s one of the best things to happen to racing games on mobile. Prior to this update, the game already had multiplayer, but live events are more convenient in the sense that it’s somewhat... | Read more »
Why your free-to-play racer sucks
It’s been this way for a while now, but playing Hot Wheels Infinite Loop really highlights a big issue with free-to-play mobile racing games: They suck. It doesn’t matter if you’re trying going for realism, cart racing, or arcade nonsense, they’re... | Read more »
Steam Link Spotlight - The Banner Saga 3
Steam Link Spotlight is a new feature where we take a look at PC games that play exceptionally well using the Steam Link app. Our last entry talked about Terry Cavanaugh’s incredible Dicey Dungeons. Read about how it’s a great mobile experience... | Read more »
Combo Quest (Games)
Combo Quest 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Combo Quest is an epic, time tap role-playing adventure. In this unique masterpiece, you are a knight on a heroic quest to retrieve... | Read more »
Hero Emblems (Games)
Hero Emblems 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: ** 25% OFF for a limited time to celebrate the release ** ** Note for iPhone 6 user: If it doesn't run fullscreen on your device... | Read more »
Puzzle Blitz (Games)
Puzzle Blitz 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $1.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Puzzle Blitz is a frantic puzzle solving race against the clock! Solve as many puzzles as you can, before time runs out! You have... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

2019 iMacs available for up to $350 off MSRP,...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2019 21″ & 27″ iMacs now available starting at $929 and up to $350 off the cost of new models. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard, shipping is free, and each... Read more
Get a clearance 2018 13″ 2.3GHz Quad-Core Tou...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2018 13″ 2.3GHz 4-Core Touch Bar MacBook Pros available starting at $1489. Apple’s one-year warranty is included, shipping is free, and each MacBook has a new outer... Read more
11″ WiFi iPad Pros on sale today for up to $2...
Amazon has new 2018 Apple 11″ WiFi iPad Pros in stock today and on sale for up to $200 off Apple’s MSRP. These are the same iPad Pros sold by Apple in its retail and online stores. Be sure to select... Read more
Select 12″ iPad Pros on sale for $200 off App...
Amazon has select 2018 Apple 12″ iPad Pros in stock today and on sale for $200 off Apple’s MSRP. These are the same iPad Pros sold by Apple in its retail and online stores. Be sure to select Amazon... Read more
Get one of Apple’s new 2019 iPhone 11 models...
Boost Mobile is offering the new 2019 Apple iPhone 11, iPhone 11 Pro, and 11 Pro Max for $100 off MSRP. Their discount reduces the cost of an iPhone 11 to $599 for the 64GB models, $899 for the 64GB... Read more
13″ 1.4GHz Silver MacBook Pros on sale for $1...
B&H Photo has new 2019 13″ 1.4GHz 4-Core Touch Bar Silver MacBook Pros on sale for $100 off Apple’s MSRP. Overnight shipping is free to many addresses in the US. These are the same MacBook Pros... Read more
4-core and 6-core 2018 Mac minis available at...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2018 Mac minis available on their online store for $120-$170 off the cost of new models. Each mini comes with a new outer case plus a standard Apple one-year warranty... Read more
$250 prepaid Visa card with any Apple iPhone,...
Xfinity Mobile will include a free $250 prepaid Visa card with the purchase of any new iPhone, new line activation, and transfer of phone number to Xfinity Mobile. Offer is valid through October 27,... Read more
Sprint is offering the 64GB Apple iPhone 11 P...
Sprint has the new 64GB iPhone 11 Pro available for $12.50 per month for new customers with an eligible trade-in in of iPhone 7 or newer. That’s down from their standard monthly lease of $41.67. The... Read more
Final week: Apple’s 2019 Back to School Promo...
Purchase a new Mac using Apple’s Education discount, and take up to $400 off MSRP. All teachers, students, and staff of any educational institution with a .edu email address qualify for the discount... Read more

Jobs Board

Best Buy *Apple* Computing Master - Best Bu...
**734646BR** **Job Title:** Best Buy Apple Computing Master **Job Category:** Store Associates **Location Number:** 001220-Issaquah-Store **Job Description:** The Read more
Best Buy *Apple* Computing Master - Best Bu...
**734517BR** **Job Title:** Best Buy Apple Computing Master **Job Category:** Sales **Location Number:** 000685-El Camino Real-Store **Job Description:** **What does Read more
*Apple* Mobility Pro - Best Buy (United Stat...
**734830BR** **Job Title:** Apple Mobility Pro **Job Category:** Store Associates **Location Number:** 000423-West Broad-Store **Job Description:** At Best Buy, our Read more
Systems Analyst ( *Apple* & Android) (Jo...
Systems Analyst ( Apple & Android) (Job ID: 572513) + 11751 Meadowville Ln, Chester, VA 23836, USA + Full-time Company Description Computer Consultants International, Read more
*Apple* Mobile App Developer - eiWorkflow So...
…eiWorkflow Solutions, LLC is currently looking for a consultant for the following role. Apple Mobile App Developer Tasks the role will be performing: ? Mobile App Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.