TweetFollow Us on Twitter

MPW Special Chars
Volume Number:6
Issue Number:7
Column Tag:MPW Notes

MPW Special Characters

By Mark Andrews, Mountain View, CA

Using Special Characters In the Command Language

[Mark Andrews is the author of 15 computer books, including Atari Roots, Programming the Commodore 64 in Assembly Language, and Programming the Apple IIGS in Assembly Language and C. His newest book is Inside MPW, to be published this fall by Addison-Wesley. This article is an excerpt from Inside MPW.]

There are two ways to go about designing a computer language. You can construct it like a spoken language, so that it will be easy to learn and understand. Or you can design it using a more concise but less English-like model, so it will be faster, more efficient--and, all too often, quite difficult to master.

When the creators of MPW sat down to develop a shell language, they could have made it a lot more user-friendly. For instance, they could have used the word TOP instead of the character • to represent the beginning of a file, the word BOTTOM instead of the symbol to represent the bottom, and the word SELECTION instead of § to represent the currently selected, or highlighted, text. That kind of approach would have made learning the MPW shell language a much less formidable task than it has turned out to be.

There would have been tradeoffs, of course. Once you’ve mastered the MPW command language, it’s much faster to type a command like •: than it is to type something like FROM TOP TO BOTTOM SELECT ALL, which would be a possible alternative in a more English-like language. And a command interpreter can certainly parse three ASCII characters much faster than it could handle a long sequence of words in a more user-friendly language.

But that’s really all quite academic. Like it or not, the MPW shell language is what we’ve got, and if you want to use MPW, there’s no alternative but to learn the MPW command language.

Actually, MPW language uses two sets of special characters. One set is made up of the punctuation marks and other special symbols that are printed on the Macintosh keyboard. The other set comes from the Macintosh extended character set: the set of characters that you get when you press a key on your keyboard while holding the Option key down. And those extended characters can be a real headache when you’re trying to master MPW. Not only do you have to learn how they’re used in the command language; since they don’t appear on the keyboard, you also have to figure out--and then memorize--where to find them.

To make matters even more difficult, many special characters have more than one meaning in MPW; when they appear in one context, they mean one thing, and when they’re used in a different context, they often mean another.

The most notorious character with two meanings is undoubtedly the symbol  (Option-D). When the  character appears alone at the end of a line, MPW runs that line and the next line together, creating a single line. But when  precedes the letter n, it acts as an escape character and generates a return.

Think about this for a moment, and you’ll realize that the character  has two meanings that are exact opposites. Sometimes it deletes a return, and sometimes it creates one!

There are many other special characters that have more than one meaning in MPW. For example, an exclamation point means “not” in string and arithmetic operations, but stands for a line of text in certain editing operations. The character § sometimes stands for the current selection (either a block of highlighted text or the current position of the cursor), and sometimes stands for the name of a file. And so on.

One way to sort out the ambiguities in the special characters used by MPW would be to to list every meaning of every special character used in the MPW command language, and then to examine and resolve each ambiguity that you find. And that’s just what has been done in Table 1 (except those used as arithmetic and logical operators/in menu commands/as number prefixes in arithmetic and logical operations), which appears at the end of this article. In addition to listing the meanings and categories of all special characters used in the MPW language, it shows how to type each character, describes the syntax in which each character is used, and provides an example showing how each character can be used in a command.

In compiling Table 1, I discovered that the MPW command language character set contains fourteen distinct kinds of characters. Since no breakdown of this kind had been published until I started working on Inside MPW, I took the liberty to draw up my own list of categories. From this research, these were the categories that emerged:

• Whitespace characters

• Command terminators

• Wildcard characters

• The escape character 

• The line-continuation character 

• The comment character #

• Delimiters

• The command substitution character ‘

• Filename generation operators

• Selection expressions

• Regular expression operators

• Redirection operators

• The number prefixes $, 0x, 0b, and 0 (not in Table 1)

• Arithmetical and logical operators (not in Table 1)

• Special characters used in makefiles

Whitespaces and Command Terminators

In MPW, a command is defined as a series of words and regular expressions separated by whitespaces and ending with a command terminator. There are only two whitespace characters in the MPW command language: Space and Tab. You can use either character to generate a space in an MPW command.

The most commonly used command terminator is the Return. Unless a return is followed immediately by the line continuation character , it always ends a command. Another command terminator that you’ll often see is the semicolon (;). By using a semicolon as a command terminator, you can type more than one command on a line.

The special-character combinations && and || are logical operators as well as command terminators. If you separate two commands with the characters &&, the second command will be executed only if the first command succeeds. Conversely, if you separate two commands with the characters ||, the second command will be executed only if the first command fails.

Selection Expressions

Selection expressions used in MPW include • (Option 8), which represents the beginning of a file; (Option-5), which represents the end of a file; and § (Option-6) which represents the current selection. Another selection expression is the character  (Option-J), which can be used to represent either the beginning or the end of a selection.

Delimiters

Many kinds of delimiters are used in the MPW command language. When you want to include a space or a special character in a string or an expression, you must enclose the command in single or double quotation marks.

If you use single quotes around an expression, every special character in the expression is interpreted literally, instead of being interpreted as a special character. If you use double quotes, all characters in the expression are taken literally except curly brackets ({...}), the backquote character (‘), and the escape character . If you want to use a shell variable as part of an expression, you must enclose the expression in single quotes, since variables in MPW are always delimited by curly brackets. And if the definition of a variable contains white spaces, then the curly brackets that enclose the variable must themselves be enclosed in quotes, like this: “{MPW}”.

If you want to use an apostrophe in a string, and don’t want it be be interpreted as a single quote, you can put double quotes around the word containing the apostrophe. Or you can precede the apostrophe with the escape character .

The slash bar (/) and the backslash (\) are often used as delimiters with the commands, Find, Search, and Replace. When a string or expression delimited by slash bars (/.../) follows a Find command, Find searches in a forward direction. But when Find is followed by a string or expression enclosed in backslashes (\...\), the search goes in a backwards direction. Hence, to start at the beginning of a file and search for the beginning of the string “charlie,” you could execute the commands

Find • ; Find /charlie/

But if you wanted to start at the end of a file and search backwards for end of the string “charlie,” you could execute the commands

Find   ; Find \charlie\

One very interesting delimiter is the backquote character (‘). By placing a command between a pair backquote characters, you can pass its output to another command. For example, when you execute the command

Echo ‘Files -t TEXT‘

the Files command compiles a list of files of the type TEXT, and passes the list to the Echo command, which then prints the list on the screen.

If there were enough space in this magazine, I could examine every special character used in MPW, and present interesting examples for each one--and, in Inside MPW, that’s exactly what is done. Meanwhile, until the book comes out, take some time to study the examples in Table 1. Unless you’re already an MPW wizard, chances are they can tell you a lot about how to use special characters in MPW.

AppleLink: D3001

TABLE 1: Special Characters Used in MPW

Chr Press Category UsageMeaningExampleTranslation
##Comment#sCharacters between# A commentString following # is interpreted as a comment
# and terminator
are interpreted
as a comment
""Delimiter"s"Delimits a stringEcho "{MPW}" >>Echo the contents of the shell variable {MPW}
in which each "{Target}"to the target window
character is taken
literally, except
for , {}, and ‘
''Delimiter's'Delimits a stringEcho '{MPW}' >>Echo the string "{MPW}" to the target window
in which all "{Target}"
characters are
taken literally
((Delimiter(p)Delimits a groupFind /("*")+/Select a group of one or more asterisks
of characters that
form a pattern
))Delimiter(p)Delimits a groupFind /("*")+/Select a group of one or more asterisks
of characters that
form a pattern
//Delimiter/r/Searches forwardFind /delta/Search forward and select the word "delta"
and selects regular
expression
»Option-Shift-\
Delimiter«n»Delimits numberFind /[t]«2»/Select exactly two tabs
standing for number
of repetitions
»Option-Shift-\
Delimiter«n,»Delimits numberFind /[t]«2,»/Select two or more tabs
standing for at
least n repetitions
»Option-Shift-\
Delimiter«n1,n2»Delimits numberFind /[t]«2,4»/Select two to four tabs
standing for n to
n repetitions
«Option-\
Delimiter«n»Delimits numberFind /[t]«2»/Select exactly two tabs
standing for number
of repetitions
«Option-\
Delimiter«n,»Delimits numberFind /[t]«2,»/Select two or more tabs
standing for at
least n repetitions
«Option-\
Delimiter«n1,n2»Delimits numberFind /[t]«2,4»/Select two to four tabs
standing for n to
n repetitions
[[Delimiter[...]Delimits a patternFind /[A-F]/Search for any character in the set A-F
\\Delimiter\r\Searches backwardsFind \alpha\Search backwards and select the word "alpha"
and selects regular
expression
]]Delimiter[...]Delimits a patternFind /[A-F]/Search for any character in the set A-F
``Delimiterc1 `c2` Sends output ofEcho Files command sends its output to Echo command,
command c2 to `Files -t TEXT`which prints the output on the screen
command c1 for
processing
{{Delimiter{v}Delimits variable vEcho "{MPW}"Echoes contents of shell variable {MPW}
}}Delimiter{v}Delimits variable vEcho "{MPW}"Echoes contents of shell variable {MPW}
Option-D
EscapenReturnEcho nEcho a return
Option-D
EscapetTabEcho nEcho a tab
Option-D
EscapefForm feedEcho nEcho a form feed
Option-D
Escape¬Defeats the meaningEcho ¬Output: ¬
of the special
character that
follows it
**Filename op.n*Matches zero orX*Match zero or more occurrences of character X
more occurrences of
the preceding
character or
character list
++Filename op.r+Matches one or moreX+Match one or more occurrences of character X
occurrences of the
preceding character
or characters
?*?* (same as )
Filename op.?*Matches any number
?*.cMatc any filename with the extension ".c"
of any characters
in a filename
¬Option-L
Filename op.[¬list]Matches any
[¬A-F]Match any character that is not in the set A-F
character not in
the list
»Option-Shift-\Filename op.«n»Delimits number [X]«2»Match two occurrences of the character X
standing for number
of repetitions
«Option-\Filename op.«n»Delimits number[X]«2»Match two occurrences of the character X
standing for number
of repetitions
[[Filename op.[...]Delimits a pattern[A-F]Match any character in the set A-F
]]Filename op.[...]Delimits a pattern[A-F]Match any character in the set A-F
Filename op. Matches any number .cMatch any filename with the extension ".c"
of any characters
in a filename
Option-D
Line cont.l  lIf  stands alone(First line:)Output: How are you today?
at end of a line,Echo “How are 
MPW joins line to(Second line:)
next line, ignoringyou today?”
return
""Make"s"Delimits a str in"{CLibraries}"The C runtime libraries
which each charCRuntime.o
is taken literally,
except for , {},
and ‘
##Make#sCharacters between### DependencyString following # is interpreted as a comment.
# and terminator rules ###
are interpreted as
a comment
''Make's'Delimits a string'{CLibraries}'The C runtime libraries
in which allCRuntime.o
characters are
taken literally
Option-D
Makel  lIf  stands alone(First line:)Output: Sample ƒƒ Sample.p.o Sample.r
at end of a line,Sample ƒƒ
MPW joins line toSample.p.o 
next line, ignoring(Second line:)
returnSample.r
ƒOption-F
Makef1 ƒ f1File f1 depends onSample.p.o ƒ File Sample.p.o depends on file Sample.p
file f2Sample.p
ƒƒOption-F
Makef1 ƒƒ f1File f1 depends onSample ƒƒFile Sample depends on file Sample.p.o, and
file f2, and f2 hasSample.p.oSample p.o. has its own set of build commands
its own build cmds
<<Redirection<fStandard input iAlert < ErrorsDisplay an alert dialog containing the contents
taken fromof the file Errors
filename f
>>Redirection>fRedirects standardEcho "{Status}" Write contents of shell variable {Status} to
output, replacing> Errorsfile Errors, replacing its previous contents
contents of file f
>>>>Redirection>>fRedirects standardEcho "{Status}"Append contents of shell variable {Status} to
output, appending>> Errorsthe end of file Errors
it to contents of
file f
Option->
Redirection fRedirects (Files .p ||) List filenames that end in ".p". Send diagno-
diagnostics, Errorstics to file Errors, replacing its contents
replacing contents
of file f
Option->
Redirection fRedirects(Files .p ||) List filenames that end in ".p". Append
diagnostics, Errorsdiagnostics to end of file Errors
replacing contents
of file f
Option-W
Redirection fRedirects both (Files .p ||) List filenames ending in ".p". Send output,
standard output and Tempdiagnostics to file Temp, replacing its
diagnostics tocontents
file f
Option-W
Redirection fRedirects both(Files .p ||)List filenames ending in ".p". Append
standard output and Tempoutput and diagnostics to file Temp
diagnostics to
file f
!~!~
Reg.expr.op."s1" !~ True if s1 is notEcho `Evaluate Output: 1
/s2/ equal to s2"alpha" !~
/beta/`
**
Reg.expr.op.r*Selects zero or Find /('*’')+Select a group of one or more asterisks
more occurrences of '/'[rt ]*/followed by a slash bar and 0 or more white
regular expressionspaces
++Reg.expr.op.r+Selects one or more Find /('*')+'/'/Select a group of one or more asterisks
occurrences of
regular expression
--
Reg.expr.op.c1-c2 Stands for rangeFind Select any word made up of upper- and
of characters/[A-Za-z]+n/lower-case letters that appears at the end
between c1 and c2of a line
=~=~
Reg.expr.op."s1" True if s1 is equal Echo `Evaluate Output: 1
=~ /s2/to s2"beta" =~
/beta/‘`
:Colon
Reg.expr.op.s:sAll text between Find •: Select (highlight) all text in file
(two selections)
Option-5
Reg.expr.op.cmd -c
(With command that Replace -c Replace string "123" with string "456" every
takes a -c option): /123/ 456time it appears in target window
Repeats command to
end of file
Option-5Reg.expr.op.r
Selects regularFind /arlie /Select the letters "arlie" at the end of a line
expression at the
end of a line
Option-8Reg.expr.op.•r
Selects regular Find /•ch/Select letters "ch" at the beginning of a line.
expression at the
beginning of a line
Option-;Reg.expr.op.c
Executes "Commando" TileWindows Invoke TileWindows Commando
command, invokes
Commando dialog
for command c
¬Option-L
Reg.expr.op.[¬list]Any character not Replace -c /Replace all characters except A-Z, a-z, returns
in the list[¬A-Za-zn" "]and spaces with asterisks
/ "*"
®Option-R
Reg.expr.op.r®nTags regular Replace /([a-zReverse the order of two words separated by one
expression with a A-Z]+)®1[ ]+([or more spaces
number (range: 1-9)a-zA-Z]+)®2/
'®2 ®1'
!!Selection!nSelects the lineFind !3Select the third line after the current
that is n lines selection
after end of
current selection
!!Selectionr!nPlaces insertion Find /alpha/!3Place insertion point three characters after
point n characters the word "alpha"
after regular
expression
¡Option-!
Selection¡nPlaces insertion Find ¡3Place insertion point three lines before start
point n lines before of current selection
start of current
selection
Option-5
Selection End of fileFind Place insertion point after last character in
file
§Option-6
Selection§Current selectionCopy §Copy the current selection (highlighted text)
to the Clipboard
Option-8
SelectionBeginning of fileFind •Place insertion point before first character in
file
Option-J
SelectionrPlaces insertion Find /charlie/Place insertion point before first character in
point before first the word "charlie"
char in regular
expression
Option-J
SelectionPlaces insertion Find /charlie/Place insertion point after last character of
point after last the word "charlie"
character of
regular expression
&&&&
Terminatorc1 && c2 Executes command c2Find /charlie/ If string "charlie" is found, MPW echoes,
if command c1 && Echo Found!"Found!"
succeeds
;;
Terminatorc ; cTreats commands oEcho hello ; Output: (First line:) Hello (Second line:)
the same line as if Echo goodbyeGoodbye
they were on
different lines
Return
Separates Terminatorc (r)Ends commandEcho Hello(r)Output: Hello
commands
||
Terminatorc1 | c2
Pipes output of Files | Count -lFiles pipes a list of files to Count, which
command c1 to prints the list on the screen
input of c2
||||
Terminatorc1 || c2Executes command c2 Find /zebra/ Searches for string "zebra" and echoes "Sorry!"
if command c1 fails|| Echo Sorry!if search fails
SpSpace
Whitespacew wSeparates wordsEcho HelloOutput: Hello
TabTab
Whitespacew wSeparates wordsEcho HelloOutput: Hello
??Wildcard
?Matches any single Find /Bar?/Select any four-character word that begins with
character in a "Bar"
string
?*?* (same as )
Wildcardchars?*Matches any number Find /Mar?*/Select any word that begins with "Mar"
of occurrences of
any character
(same as )
Option-X
Wildcard Matches any number Find /Mar /Select any word that begins with "Mar"
of any characters
in a string

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Iridient Developer 3.4.1 - Powerful imag...
Iridient Developer (was RAW Developer) is a powerful image-conversion application designed specifically for OS X. Iridient Developer gives advanced photographers total control over every aspect of... Read more
Vallum 3.3.4 - $15.00
Vallum is a little tool that helps you monitor and block apps connections and throttle apps bandwidth. It is able to intercept connections at the application layer, and hold them while you decide... Read more
DiskCatalogMaker 8.2.6 - Catalog your di...
DiskCatalogMaker is a simple disk management tool which catalogs disks. Simple, light-weight, and fast Finder-like intuitive look and feel Super-fast search algorithm Can compress catalog data for... Read more
SoftRAID 5.8.4 - High-quality RAID manag...
SoftRAID allows you to create and manage disk arrays to increase performance and reliability. SoftRAID allows the user to create and manage RAID 4 and 5 volumes, RAID 1+0, and RAID 1 (Mirror) and... Read more
Audio Hijack 3.7.3 - Record and enhance...
Audio Hijack (was Audio Hijack Pro) drastically changes the way you use audio on your computer, giving you the freedom to listen to audio when you want and how you want. Record and enhance any audio... Read more
CleanMyMac X 4.6.15 - Delete files that...
CleanMyMac makes space for the things you love. Sporting a range of ingenious new features, CleanMyMac lets you safely and intelligently scan and clean your entire system, delete large, unused files... Read more
Suitcase Fusion 21.2.1 - Font management...
Suitcase Fusion is the creative professional's font manager. Every professional font manager should deliver the basics: spectacular previews, powerful search tools, and efficient font organization.... Read more
Civilization VI 1.3.6 - Next iteration o...
Civilization® VI is the award-winning experience. Expand your empire across the map, advance your culture, and compete against history’s greatest leaders to build a civilization that will stand the... Read more
Dashlane 6.2042.0 - Password manager and...
Dashlane is an award-winning service that revolutionizes the online experience by replacing the drudgery of everyday transactional processes with convenient, automated simplicity - in other words,... Read more
Airfoil 5.9.2 - Send audio from any app...
Airfoil allows you to send any audio to AirPort Express units, Apple TVs, and even other Macs and PCs, all in sync! It's your audio - everywhere. With Airfoil you can take audio from any... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Physics-based tower defense game Goblin...
Indie developer Arif Games has released Goblin Raiders on iOS and Android. [Read more] | Read more »
PUBG Mobile has provided yet another upd...
PUBG Mobile has been making a point of publicly mentioning all of their ongoing efforts to vanquish cheating from the popular battle royale. Today two teams within the company have provided updates on their progress. [Read more] | Read more »
Zombieland: AFK Survival is celebrating...
Zombieland: AFK Survival is currently celebrating its one-year anniversary. If you don't quite recognise the name that's because it initially launched as Zombieland: Double Tapper. Anyway, the game is celebrating turning one with two Halloween-... | Read more »
Distract Yourself With These Great Mobil...
There’s a lot going on right now, and I don’t really feel like trying to write some kind of pithy intro for it. All I’ll say is lots of people have been coming together and helping each other in small ways, and I’m choosing to focus on that as I... | Read more »
Genshin Impact Guide - Gacha Strategy: W...
If you're playing Genshin Impact without spending money, you'll always need to be looking for ways to optimize your play to maximize rewards without getting stuck in a position where you're tempted to spend. The most obvious trap here is the game'... | Read more »
Genshin Impact Adventurer's Guide
Hello and well met, fellow adventurers of Teyvat! Check out our all-in-one resource for all things Genshin Impact. We'll be sure to add more as we keep playing the game, so be sure to come back here to check for updates! [Read more] | Read more »
Genshin Impact Currency Guide - What...
Genshin Impact is great fun, but make no mistake: this is a gacha game. It is designed specifically to suck away time and money from you, and one of the ways the game does this is by offering a drip-feed of currencies you will feel compelled to... | Read more »
XCOM 2 Collection on iOS now available f...
The XCOM 2 Collection, which was recently announced to be coming to iOS in November, is now available to pre-order on the App Store. [Read more] | Read more »
Presidents Run has returned for the 2020...
IKIN's popular endless runner Presidents Run has returned to iOS and Android just in time for the 2020 election season. It will see players choosing their favourite candidate and guiding them on a literal run for presidency to gather as many votes... | Read more »
New update for Cookies Must Die adds new...
A new update for Rebel Twins’ platformer shooter Cookies Must Die is coming out this week. The update adds quite a bit to the game, including new levels and characters to play around with. [Read more] | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Apple’s 16″ MacBook Pros are back in stock st...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2019 16″ MacBook Pros back in stock for up to $420 off the cost of new models, starting at $2039. Each model features a new outer case, shipping is free, and an Apple... Read more
Use our exclusive iPhone Price Trackers to fi...
Looking for a new Apple iPhone 12 or 12 Pro? Perhaps a deal on last year’s iPhone 11? Check out our iPhone Price Tracker here at MacPrices.net. We track new and clearance iPhone prices from Apple as... Read more
Weekend deal: $100 off 13″ MacBook Airs at Am...
Amazon has new 2020 13″ MacBook Airs on sale for $100 off Apple’s MSRP, starting at only $899. Their prices are the lowest available for new MacBooks from any Apple resellers. These are the same 13″... Read more
New 10.9″ 64GB Apple iPad Air on sale for $55...
Amazon has Apple’s new 2020 10.9″ 64GB WiFi iPad Air on sale today for $549.99 shipped. That’s $40 off MSRP. Pre-orders are available today at this discounted price, and Amazon states that the iPad... Read more
Get a clearance 2019 27″ 5K iMac for up to $5...
Apple has Certified Refurbished 2019 27″ 5K iMacs available starting at $1439 and up to $520 off their original MSRP. Apple’s one-year warranty is standard and shipping is free. The following... Read more
AT&T offers the Apple iPhone 11 for $10/m...
AT&T is offering Apple’s 64GB iPhone 11 for $10 per month, for customers opening a new line of service, no trade-in required. Discount is applied via monthly bill credits over a 30 month period.... Read more
Apple’s 2020 11″ iPad Pros on sale today for...
Apple reseller Expercom has new 2020 11″ Apple iPad Pros on sale for $50-$75 off MSRP, with prices starting at $749. These are the same iPad Pros sold by Apple in their retail and online stores: – 11... Read more
Did Apple Drop The Ball By Not Branding Its C...
EDITORIAL: 10.21.20 – In the branding game, your marketing strategy can either be a hit or a miss and the latter is the case for Apple when it missed out on an opportunity to brand its “SE” series of... Read more
27″ 6-core and 8-core iMacs on sale for up to...
Adorama has Apple’s 2020 27″ 6-core and 8-core iMacs on sale today for $50-$100 off MSRP, with prices starting at $1749. Shipping is free: – 27″ 3.1GHz 6-core iMac: $1749, save $50 – 27″ 3.3GHz 6-... Read more
Apple’s 16″ MacBook Pros are on sale for $300...
B&H Photo has 16″ MacBook Pros on sale today for $300-$350 off Apple’s MSRP, starting at $2099. Expedited shipping is free to many addresses in the US. Their prices are among the lowest available... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Mac, Windows & Mobile Device Sup...
Apple Mac, Windows & Mobile Device Support Engineer at created 30-Sep-2020"/> Skip to content **Xerox** at https://xerox.avature.net/en_US/careers Menu ** Apple Read more
Freelance Features Writer ( *Apple* Products...
…interested in iOS, watchOS, iPadOS, macOS? Do you like to explain and teach Apple products to other people with less understanding? If these things sound like you, Read more
Geek Squad *Apple* Consultation Professiona...
**788452BR** **Job Title:** Geek Squad Apple Consultation Professional **Job Category:** Store Associates **Store Number or Department:** 000401-Southland Read more
*Apple* Computing Specialist - Best Buy (Uni...
**789021BR** **Job Title:** Apple Computing Specialist **Job Category:** Store Associates **Store Number or Department:** 000109-West Los Angeles-Store **Job Read more
Chief Medical Officer, St. Mary Medical Cente...
…**Providence is calling a Chief Medical Officer to St. Mary Medical Center in Apple Valley, CA** **.** **THE ROLE** Under the direction of the Chief Executive, the Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.