TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Code generators
Volume Number:5
Issue Number:9
Column Tag:Kelly's Corner

AppMaker™ and Prototyper™

By Dave Kelly, MacTutor Editorial Board

AppMaker™ vs. Prototyper™

Who says that writing Macintosh applications is difficult? Prototyper™ from SmethersBarnes has been available for quite awhile with virtually no competition. A new contender for the Mac applications development market is now available. Perhaps many of you have seen the advertisements for AppMaker™ by Bowers Development Corporation and Prototyper™ within the pages of MacTutor and wondered what the differences are between the two of them. I’ve now had a chance to use both of them and hope to summarize my opinions within this column.

Traditionally, Macintosh development has involved creating resources for menus, windows, icons etc. which are used by the application. One of the greatest of all the developer tools that Apple has given us is ResEdit which gives us access to the resources and a way to edit most of them. Many programmers have developed their own libraries of functions and procedures including the basic shell which becomes a starting point for the development process. The major drawback of this is the amount of time required to organize and define all of these resources and routines into a working application. MacTutor has tried to help you understand the workings of the Macintosh to assist you in this development process.

Let’s take a comparative look at the way that Prototyper and AppMaker helps you to develop your product. Each one does a good job, but the implementation is different. You may want to refer to MacTutor Vol. 4 No. 8 (or pg. 432 in The Definitive MacTutor) for my first comments about Prototyper. It has been significantly improved since version 1.0 which was reviewed therein. My major complaints have been remedied... C code generation and hierarchical menus. Both Prototyper and AppMaker create the shell of your application for you and allow you to ‘draw’ the user interface for each window, dialog, alert, or menu. Depending on the scope of your application one or the other (or both) of them are ideal ways to get started with your development project. For the following discussion, please assume that we have planned out what menus and windows etc. we will need in our application.

Using Prototyper™

The tutorial for Prototyper is very good, but to give you an idea of what it takes to develop an application I’ll briefly review some of the features of Prototyper. You may want to refer to my comparison chart from time to time to see what differences there are between AppMaker and Prototyper. Prototyper presents you with three icons which allow you to define menus, windows or demo windows. I’ll explain what demo windows are in a moment.

First we will define our windows; windows don’t have to be defined first, but I’ll start with them first anyway. Clicking on the window icon opens up a dialog which allows you to select which type of window, dialog, or alert you wish to use. Next the window opens and you have a palette of tools to use to create buttons, text fields, scroll bars and other controls. The comparison chart shows which tools are available for the customizing the layout of the screen. Window types may even be changed after the layout process has begun, but some items may be lost if not supported by the type of window selected. The location of the window may be adjusted on the screen in a manner similar to that used in ResEdit where the window can be re-sized and moved to the desired position.

Clicking on the menu icon brings up the menu dialog which allows editing of a single menu bar (only one menu bar may be used). A new Prototyper document includes a default Apple, File and Edit menu. Clicking the Hierarchical button in the menu editor dialog will enable the currently selected menu item to have one single level of hierarchical menus. For most applications this is enough, however this is a limitation with Prototyper.

The demo window icon sets up a window which either reads a text file or displays a Picture in a window for simulation purposes only. The text file needs to be in the same folder as Prototyper or it may not remember where the file is and do nothing. The Pictures must be pasted into the window (you can’t load the picture from a file). Demo windows are ONLY useful when using Prototyper to simulate (as a prototype) how an application will work. Code is not generated to support the action of the window.

After the windows have been created and the menu defined, you can go back through and link the controls and menus so that the prototype will look and feel like the application you want. You may link menu items, buttons, or whatever to other menu items, buttons, windows, or whatever. For example you may have a menu item linked to open a window and another menu item linked to close the window. You may also link to commonly used Macintosh dialogs. The problem is that only part of the simulation is generated as code. For example you may link the Page Setup menu item to the actual Page Setup dialog and the Print menu item to the Print dialog. However, when the code is generated, the Page Setup dialog code is not generated (what a shame, so close). The standard GetFile and PutFile dialogs are also simulated when running as a prototype, but no code is generated. It seems that this could have been added easily especially since they give you the source code in the manual to use the SFGetFile/SFPutFile procedures.

The Prototyper manual contains a tutorial and explanation of prototyping your application. A brief explanation of the code generated by Prototyper is given and some tips on how to add your own routines to the source code. Modifying source code can be time consuming until you are familiar with the implementation of the code.

Using AppMaker™

The main difference between Prototyper and AppMaker is that Prototyper allows the prototype to be simulated before the code is generated. Creating dialogs, windows, and alerts is much the same except that the AppMaker has a couple of tools that are different from Prototyper. For example AppMaker may use controls which are stored in a resource and user defined items. These items could always be added with ResEdit for Prototyper anyway.

To use AppMaker you select what you want to edit (Menu, Window, Dialog, or Alert) from a menu. The items which already exist show up in a list window similar to the list of items that Prototyper displays except that only menus show up when the menu item is selected, only windows show up when the window item is selected, etc. A unique feature of the window tools is the Palette tool. With this you may use a picture as a palette in the application similar to the palette found in MacPaint or other paint programs. The picture is split into several columns and rows which become the palette in the application.

The menu editor looks like a Mac screen with a menu bar at the top. The default menu has Apple, File, and Edit menus already created. It is very important to note here that each menu must include an ID name in order to be linked properly. For example, the Apple menu must have the name ‘Apple’ in order to link properly. This is created automatically for you, but if you deleted a name by mistake, you might not be able to figure out why the code was not generated properly. At least you can know that something is missing when you try to compile the application and get an error. Hierarchical menus are linked to each other by their resource names also. If you type a menu item title that is the same as a menu resource name, the Hierarchical structure is automatically linked up when you create your code.

Windows, Dialogs, and Alerts are linked with resource names also, however, you don’t have as much control over linking menu items to windows as you do in Prototyper. The good thing about it is that because there are fewer specific definitions, the code is more generic and possibly easier to modify. With either Prototyper or AppMaker you will need to modify and add to the code that is generated. With AppMaker you may even modify the AppMaker code so that it will add the modified code when application code is generated. Prototyper doesn’t allow you to “pre-modify” the code before the source code is generated. Included with the AppMaker application are libraries for all the supported languages which are used to support the code which AppMaker generates.

AppMaker generates code that is Multifinder Aware. Multifinder Aware means that WaitNextEvent is used instead of GetNextEvent, therefore the application understands suspend and resume events. A SIZE resource is included so that Multifinder will know how much memory to allocate to the application. Multifinder Aware applications will be sent “null” events when they are running in the background so that they may perform background processing.

The AppMaker manual is a 114 page spiral bound book with a tutorial and full explanation of all AppMaker source code and libraries. The explanation of the libraries is a great help in modifying or adding to the source code.

The Verdict

Whether to use Prototyper™ or AppMaker™ is a personal decision. I think that both of them have advantages. I prefer Prototyper for its ability to try out an application before it is written, but I prefer AppMaker for its unique features that Prototyper does not have such as Multifinder Awareness and the ability to create multiple menu bars. Its a tie. Both of these applications get high marks for what they do.

Prototyper™ 2.1

SmethersBarnes

P. O. Box 639, Dept. 400

Portland, Oregon 97207

1-800-237-3611

Upgrades to registered 1.0 users are $49.

Price: $249

Pros: Ability to prototype application without compiling. Creates Pascal and C source code.NO COPY PROTECTION.

Cons: Does not link Page Setup, Print or SFGetFile/SFPutFile routines. Can’t create more than one menu bar per file. Only one level of Hierarchical menus. Simple additions to source code is easy, but is somewhat difficult to change structure.

AppMaker™ 1.0

Bowers Development

P. O. Box 9

Lincoln Center, MA. 01773

617-259-8428

Price: $295

Pros: Creates Pascal and C source code. Applications created are Multifinder Aware. Resource IDs and names are user modifiable. NO COPY PROTECTION.

Cons: No prototyping capability. Does not link Page Setup or Print routines.

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Tor Browser 11.5.8 - Anonymize Web brows...
Using Tor Browser you can protect yourself against tracking, surveillance, and censorship. Tor was originally designed, implemented, and deployed as a third-generation onion-routing project of the U.... Read more
Alarm Clock Pro 15.0 - $19.95 (91% off)
Alarm Clock Pro isn't just an ordinary alarm clock. Use it to wake you up in the morning, send and compose e-mails, remind you of appointments, randomize the iTunes selection, control an internet... Read more
Google Chrome 107.0.5304.121 - Modern an...
Google Chrome is a Web browser by Google, created to be a modern platform for Web pages and applications. It utilizes very fast loading of Web pages and has a V8 engine, which is a custom built... Read more
calibre 6.9.0 - Complete e-book library...
Calibre is a complete e-book library manager. Organize your collection, convert your books to multiple formats, and sync with all of your devices. Let Calibre be your multi-tasking digital librarian... Read more
Safari Technology Preview 16.4 - The new...
Safari Technology Preview contains the most recent additions and improvements to WebKit and the latest advances in Safari web technologies. And once installed, you will receive notifications of... Read more
FileZilla 3.62.2 - Fast and reliable FTP...
FileZilla (ported from Windows) is a fast and reliable FTP client and server with lots of useful features and an intuitive interface. The FileZilla Client not only supports FTP, but also FTP over TLS... Read more
djay Pro 4.0.13 - Transform your Mac int...
djay Pro provides a complete toolkit for performing DJs. Its unique modern interface is built around a sophisticated integration with iTunes and Spotify, giving you instant access to millions of... Read more
Opera 93.0.4585.21 - High-performance We...
Opera is a fast and secure browser trusted by millions of users. With the intuitive interface, Speed Dial and visual bookmarks for organizing favorite sites, news feature with fresh, relevant content... Read more
AppCleaner 3.6.6 - Uninstall your apps e...
AppCleaner allows you to uninstall your apps easily. It searches the files created by the applications and you can delete them quickly. Supports macOS Ventura. Fixed an issue causing failed updates... Read more
QuickBooks 21.0.7.1248 - Financial manag...
QuickBooks helps you manage your business easily and efficiently. Organize your finances all in one place, track money going in and out of your business, and spot areas where you can save. Built for... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

‘Top Hunter Roddy & Cathy’ Review –...
The NEOGEO is generally characterized by, with only a few notable exceptions, fighting games and Metal Slug. Within a couple of years of its launch, the vast majority of the output on the console seemed to be mining (quite successfully) a few... | Read more »
SwitchArcade Round-Up: Reviews Featuring...
Hello gentle readers, and welcome to the SwitchArcade Round-Up for November 28th, 2022. In today’s article, we’ve got a pair of reviews to check out. Full reviews of Pokemon Scarlet and Violet and The Oregon Trail are waiting for you to read. There’... | Read more »
‘OPUS: Echo of Starsong’ Interview: Port...
With OPUS: Echo of Starsong ($8.99) having finally launched on iOS after hitting PC and consoles, I had a chance to talk to Scott Chen who is the co-founder and executive producer of Sigono. In our chat, I touched on topics like game subscription... | Read more »
Best iPhone Game Updates: ‘Rush Rally 3’...
Hello everyone, and welcome to the week! It’s time once again for our look back at the noteworthy updates of the last seven days. As November breaths its last, the holiday season is right around the corner. That means we should start seeing more... | Read more »
‘Total Football’ is an Arcade-Style Socc...
GALA SPORTS recently launched its brand new soccer title, Total Football, and, true to its name, it is a pure arcade-style soccer game in the same vein as FIFA Mobile and PES Mobile. It also features official licensing from FIFPro and Manchester... | Read more »
Genshin Impact will recieve two new char...
HoYoverse has announced that Genshin Impacts version 3.3 will be arriving on December 7th. Titled All Senses Clear, All Existence Void, the update will bring two powerful new characters and a brand new card-based minigame. [Read more] | Read more »
‘Wreckfest’ Mobile Compared With Console...
HandyGames’ mobile version of Bugbear’s demolition derby-style racer Wreckfest ($9.99) released on iOS and Android recently, and we featured it as our Game of the Week. | Read more »
Black Friday Deals Here – The TouchArcad...
After taking a couple of weeks off we return on this glorious Black Friday with another episode of The TouchArcade Show. We get into a big discussion about virtual assistants like Alexa, Siri, and Google, and their place in the greater smarthome... | Read more »
TouchArcade Game of the Week: ‘Station 1...
I’m a big fan of Glitch Games and their unique brand of point-and-click adventure/escape room/puzzle games, and while they’re a tiny outfit and there’d typically be a couple years gap in-between their new releases, they were always worth the wait.... | Read more »
SwitchArcade Round-Up: ‘Super Lone Survi...
Hello gentle readers, and welcome to the SwitchArcade Round-Up for November 25th, 2022. Today we look at the remaining releases for the week, and I’ll be honest with you: it’s not a great assortment. Still, there are at least a couple of things... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Cyber Monday: 24″ Apple M1 iMacs for $150 off...
Amazon has Apple’s 24″ M1 iMacs on Black Friday sale for $150 off MSRP. Their prices are currently the lowest available for new iMacs among the Apple retailers we track: – 24″ M1 iMacs (8-Core CPU/7-... Read more
Cyber Monday Sale: 25% off Apple MagSafe acce...
Apple retailers are offering MagSafe accessories for up to 25% off MSRP for Cyber Monday. Here are the best deals available, currently from Verizon and Amazon: (1) Verizon has Apple MagSafe Chargers... Read more
Cyber Monday Sale: Apple AirPods for up to $1...
Looking for Apple AirPods, AirPods Pro, or AirPods Max this Cyber Monday? Look no further than our Apple AirPods Price Tracker. We track prices from 20+ Apple retailers and update the tracker... Read more
Final day for Apple’s Black Friday/Cyber Mond...
CYBER MONDAY Apple’s four day Black Friday/Cyber Monday 2022 event is now live and will run from November 25, 2022 to November 28, 2022 (ends today!). Receive a free $100-$250 Apple Gift Card with... Read more
Cyber Monday: Apple 13″ M2 MacBook Airs for $...
Apple retailers have posted their Cyber Monday prices on 13″ MacBook Airs. Take up to $200 off MSRP on M2-powered Airs with these sales with prices starting at only $1049. Free shipping is available... Read more
The best Cyber Monday iPhone sale? This $500...
If you switch to Xfinity Mobile and open a new line of service, they will take $500 off the price of a new iPhone, no trade-in required. This is the best no trade-in Cyber Monday Apple iPhone 14 deal... Read more
Cyber Monday Sale: Apple 16″ MacBook Pros for...
Amazon is offering $500 off MSRP discounts on Apple 16″ MacBook Pros with M1 Pro CPUs as part of their Cyber Monday sale. Their prices are the lowest available for these models from any Apple... Read more
Cyber Monday Sale: Apple 14″ MacBook Pros for...
Amazon is offering $300-$500 off MSRP discounts on Apple 14-inch MacBook Pros with M1 Pro CPUs as part of their Cyber Monday sale. Their prices are the lowest available for these models from any... Read more
Cyber Monday Sale: Apple Watch Ultra for $60...
Amazon has Apple Watch Ultra models (Alpine Loop, Trail Loop, and Opean Bans) on sale for $60 off MSRP as part of their Cyber Monday sale, each including free shipping, reducing the price for an... Read more
Cyber Monday MacBook Sale: 13″ M1 Apple MacBo...
Amazon has Apple 13″ M1 MacBook Airs back on sale for $200 off MSRP, starting at only $799, for Cyber Monday 2022. Their prices are the lowest available for new MacBooks this Cyber Monday. Stock may... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Electronic Repair Technician - PlanI...
…a highly motivated individual to join our Production Department as an Apple Electronic Repair Technician. The computer repair technician will diagnose, assemble, Read more
Product Manager II - *Apple* - DISH (United...
…you will be doing We seek an ambitious, data-driven thinker to assist the Apple Product Development team as our new Retail Wireless division continues to grow and Read more
Staff Engineer 5G Protocol, *Apple* - DISH...
…metrics. Essential Functions and Responsibilities for a Staff Engineer 5G protocol( Apple ) Knowledge of 5G and 4G/LTE protocols and system architectures Experience Read more
Cashier - *Apple* Blossom Mall - JCPenney (...
Cashier - Apple Blossom Mall Location:Winchester, VA, United States (https://jobs.jcp.com/jobs/location/191170/winchester-va-united-states) - Apple Blossom Mall Read more
Omnichannel Associate - *Apple* Blossom Mal...
Omnichannel Associate - Apple Blossom Mall Location:Winchester, VA, United States (https://jobs.jcp.com/jobs/location/191170/winchester-va-united-states) - Apple Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.