TweetFollow Us on Twitter

ResEdit
Volume Number:3
Issue Number:5
Column Tag:Basic School

Windows with ResEdit

By Dave Kelly, MacTutor Editorial Board

Windows are a fundamental of the Macintosh user interface. Back in March of 1985, Vol. 1 No. 4 of MacTutor (for those of you who were around back then) or starting on page 307 in The Best of MacTutor, Vol 1, I cover the basics of creating windows with MS Basic. I refer you back to this reference for details. (You can get Best of MacTutor, Vol 1, through MacTutor for $24.95). Sorry to say, the new version of MS Basic and the MS Basic Compiler has only a small improvement to windows. MS Basic now allows six windows open at once instead of four. ZBasic has added window capabilities such as additional window types available including the ability to specify Zoom windows, go-away box, grow box, and rounded cornered windows. We can only hope that the next version of MS Basic will be more comprehensive. Notwithstanding this there are a few things that can be mentioned relating to windows.

If you recall, a few months back, during our Basic Wars review, PCMacBasic was the only Basic to allow you to use resources to program your application windows. This is still true, however I have come across a method which allows MS Basic to use window resources as a guide for the window that will be used in Basic. This method is very simple and only requires three calls from the ToolLib library. It does not extend the window creation capabilities, however. Languages which fully support the toolbox will usually allow you to create a window using the WIND (window resource) ID number.

Now you can create your own window resources using ResEdit and Basic will read the resource and create a window looking like the one described by the resource. Well, usually. There are still those types of windows that Basic doesn't support such as the ones with rounded corners of different curvatures. ZBasic does support these other types and a similar method could be used to read the WIND resources from ZBasic.

For now I'll explain what to do to implement this method. You might also get some ideas of other resources you could read and apply the same idea to.

First off, in case you don't know how ResEdit can be used to create your own windows I will briefly explain by walking you though an example. Open up ResEdit and choose 'NEW' from the File menu. I chose to use a separate resource file (named 'Window.rsc') for this example just to be safe. You could use any file to store your resource in just like the library CODE resources. Next (with the new file open) open up a new resource by selecting 'NEW' from the File menu. Create a resource of type 'WIND' by selecting or typing the proper type when asked.

At this point ResEdit gives you a default window which can be sized and placed where ever you want it. The move the window drag it near the title bar just like you would move a window when using the Finder. To resize the window you drag the lower right corner of the window to the size you want.

Now select Get Info from the File menu to adjust the window ID# if necessary. Usually you are safe to just use the number that ResEdit assigns the WIND resource. In this example I used 3041 through 3044 for the four windows that I created. You will have to create your own resources to use the example program. Be sure to use the same ID numbers in the program that you use as your resource ID.

There are two ways to view WIND resources with ResEdit. The first is graphically which is the mode you get when you first open a WIND resource. The second way is to display the WIND resource parameters as text. If you want different window types you can select Display text to show the actual window resource parameters.

The ProcID is the parameter which indicates the window type. The ProcID numbers are shown in Inside Macintosh as:

CONST documentProc = 0;
 dBoxProc = 1;
 plainDBox = 2;
 altDBoxProc = 3;
 noGrowDocProc = 4;
 rDocProc = 16;

Since not all of these are supported by MS Basic the example program will ignore those that it doesn't understand and use the default document window. You could probably try this same method using ZBasic and be able to implement all of the features. Another way to view the resource would be to open it up as General instead of using OPEN in the File menu. Using this we can see how the WIND is organized.

From this HEX representation of the WIND resource and Inside Macintosh (pg. I-302) we see:

$00 2E, the first two bytes represent the top of the window where HEX $00 2E = 46 decimal.

$00 0A, the 3rd and 4th bytes represent the left of the window where HEX $00 0A = 10 decimal.

$00 AC, the 5th and 6th bytes represent the bottom of the window where HEX $00 AC = 170 decimal.

$01 4E, the 7th and 8th bytes represent the right side of the window where HEX $01 4E = 202 decimal.

$00 00, the 9th and 10th bytes represent the ProcID parameter.

$01 00, the 11th and 12th bytes represent the visible parameter.

$01 00, the 13th and 14th bytes represent the goAwayFlag parameter.

$00 00 00 00, the 15th through 18th bytes is the refCon parameter.

$08, the 16th byte represents the length of the window title (the next 8 bytes) where $57 69 6E 64 6F 77 20 31 is 'Window 1' when converted via ASCII codes.

The only thing left to finish the new resources now is to close the resource file and quit ResEdit. The example Basic listing below will read the resource file and store it in and array where the information can be used to create a window that looks the same as the one created in ResEdit using the standard MS Basic window command. This is accomplished with the aid of three ToolLib calls. The first is OpenResFile, used to open the desired resource file. The last is CloseResFile, used to close the resource file. The trick comes in using LoadArray to read in data from an open resource and place it in a pre-dimensioned array. Since the data that is read is not in the same format that Basic expects for variables, it is necessary to read each by and decode or convert the data to MS Basic variables which we can use in the Window statement. The subroutine GetResWindow demonstrates which byte to peek to get the desired results. The variable pointer must be explicitly defined in each of the peek statements or the data may not come back correctly. You may only need to read back the parts that will be used in your program.

An optional way of doing this would be to manually write down what the window size and type etc. after creating the window with ResEdit (then you wouldn't need to actually save the window resources) and then use these numbers to create your new window. This would make the Basic code shorter, but might not be quite as accessible to modification after it is compiled (provided you intend to compile your application).

As mentioned last month, there are still some serious problems with HFS and MS Basic. Until this is fixed, the use of resources is somewhat restricted. Since a compiled MS Basic application does not have an automatic way (a way in which the user doesn't have to be aware of what is going on) to find the volume which itself is located, we will have to live with the problem until Microsoft releases an improved version. (Sooner the better).

'WIND Resource Demo ©MacTutor™ 1987 By Dave Kelly

Libname$="Hard Disk:Basic:MS ToolLib:ToolLib"  'full path name
LIBRARY Libname$
WINDResname$="Hard Disk:MacTutor™:May87:Window.rsc"
WIDTH 40
DIM a(40)
FOR i=1 TO 4
ID%=3040+i
CALL GetResWindow(WINDResname$,ID%,top,left,bottom, right,     ProcID, 
TitleLength, Title$)
type=1
IF ProcID= 0 THEN type=1
IF ProcID=1 THEN type=2
IF ProcID=2 THEN type=3
IF ProcID=3 THEN type=4
WINDOW i,Title$,(left,top)-(right,bottom),type
PRINT "Top= ";top,"Left= ";left,"Bottom= ";bottom,"Right=      
 ";right
PRINT "ProcID = ";ProcID
PRINT "TitleLength = ";TitleLength
PRINT "Title = ";Title$
PRINT "Click mouse to continue"
WHILE MOUSE(0)<>1:WEND
NEXT i
END
SUB GetResWindow (WINDResname$,ID%, top,left,bottom,right,     ProcID, 
TitleLength, Title$) STATIC
ref%=0
type$="WIND"
openresfile WINDResname$,ref%
loadArray ref%,ID%,a(1),type$
top=PEEK(VARPTR(a(1)))*256+PEEK(VARPTR(a(1))+1)
left=PEEK(VARPTR(a(1))+2)*256+PEEK(VARPTR(a(1))+3)
bottom=PEEK(VARPTR(a(1))+4)*256+PEEK(VARPTR(a(1))+5)
right=PEEK(VARPTR(a(1))+6)*256+PEEK(VARPTR(a(1))+7)
ProcID=PEEK(VARPTR(a(1))+8)*256+PEEK(VARPTR(a(1))+9)
TitleLength=PEEK(VARPTR(a(1))+18)
closeResFile ref%
Title$=""
FOR i=1 TO TitleLength
    Title$=Title$+CHR$(PEEK(VARPTR(a(1))+i+18))
NEXT
END SUB

 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

calibre 4.17.0 - Complete e-book library...
Calibre is a complete e-book library manager. Organize your collection, convert your books to multiple formats, and sync with all of your devices. Let Calibre be your multi-tasking digital librarian... Read more
MacPilot 11.1.4 - $15.96
MacPilot gives you the power of UNIX and the simplicity of Macintosh, which means a phenomenal amount of untapped power in your hands! Use MacPilot to unlock over 1,200 features, and access them all... Read more
Transmission 3.00 - Popular BitTorrent c...
Transmission is a fast, easy, and free multi-platform BitTorrent client. Transmission sets initial preferences so things "just work", while advanced features like watch directories, bad peer blocking... Read more
Doom 3 1.3.1 - First-person shooter acti...
A massive demonic invasion has overwhelmed the Union Aerospace Corporation's (UAC) Mars Research Facility, leaving only chaos and horror in its wake. As one of only a few survivors, you must fight... Read more
Box Sync 4.0.8004 - Online synchronizati...
Box Sync gives you a hard-drive in the Cloud for online storage. Note: You must first sign up to use Box. What if the files you need are on your laptop -- but you're on the road with your iPhone? No... Read more
LibreOffice 6.4.4.2 - Free, open-source...
LibreOffice is an office suite (word processor, spreadsheet, presentations, drawing tool) compatible with other major office suites. The Document Foundation is coordinating development and... Read more
Day One 4.14 - Maintain a daily journal.
Day One is an easy, great-looking way to use a journal / diary / text-logging application. Day One is well designed and extremely focused to encourage you to write more through quick Menu Bar entry,... Read more
Doxie 2.12.2 - Scan, share, and store do...
Introducing Doxie, the new, modern paper scanner that's so simple, it'll revolutionize the way you think about sharing and storing docs and photos forever. Doxie is ultra-portable, fully automatic,... Read more
Tinderbox 8.7.0 - Store and organize you...
Tinderbox is a personal content management assistant. It stores your notes, ideas, and plans. It can help you organize and understand them. And Tinderbox helps you share ideas through Web journals... Read more
Viber 13.0.0 - Send messages and make fr...
Viber lets you send free messages and make free calls to other Viber users, on any device and network, in any country! Viber syncs your contacts, messages and call history with your mobile device, so... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

SINoALICE, Yoko Taro and Pokelabo's...
Yoko Taro and developer Pokelabo's SINoALICE has now opened for pre-registration over on the App Store. It's already amassed 1.5 million Android pre-registrations, and it's currently slated to launch on July 1st. [Read more] | Read more »
Masketeers: Idle Has Fallen's lates...
Masketeers: Idle Has Fallen is the latest endeavour from Appxplore, the folks behind Crab War, Thor: War of Tapnarok and Light A Way. It's an idle RPG that's currently available for Android in Early Access and will head to iOS at a later date. [... | Read more »
Evil Hunter Tycoon celebrates 2 million...
Evil Hunter Tycoon has proved to be quite the hit since launching back in March, with its most recent milestone being 2 million downloads. To celebrate the achievement, developer Super Planet has released a new updated called Darkness' Front Yard... | Read more »
Peak's Edge is an intriguing roguel...
Peak's Edge is an upcoming roguelike puzzle game from developer Kenny Sun that's heading for both iOS and Android on June 4th as a free-to-play title. It will see players rolling a pyramid shape through a variety of different levels. [Read more] | Read more »
Clash Royale: The Road to Legendary Aren...
Supercell recently celebrated its 10th anniversary and their best title, Clash Royale, is as good as it's ever been. Even for lapsed players, returning to the game is as easy as can be. If you want to join us in picking the game back up, we've put... | Read more »
The Magic Gladiator class arrives in MU...
The Magic Gladiator class is now available in MU Origin 2 following the most recent patch. It also marks the start of Abyss Season 11 and the introduction of Couple Skills and Couple Dungeons. [Read more] | Read more »
The 5 Best Racing Games
With KartRider Rush+ making a splash this past week, we figured it was high time we updated our list of the best mobile racing games out there. From realistic racing sims to futuristic arcade racers (and even racing management games!), check out... | Read more »
KartRider Rush+ Guide - Tips for new rac...
KartRider Rush+ continues to be a surprisingly refreshing and fun kart racer that's entirely free-to-play. The main reason for this is just how high its skill ceiling is. Check out the video above if you're curious to know what top level play looks... | Read more »
KartRider Rush+ might be good, actually?
It's hard to find good racing games on mobile. Most of them are free-to-play, and free-to-play racers generally suck. Even Nintendo couldn't put together a competent Mario Kart game, opting instead for a weird score chaser that resembles--but feels... | Read more »
LifeAfter, NetEase's popular surviv...
A new map will be making its way into NetEase's popular survival game LifeAfter. The map is set to arrive on May 28th and will introduce a volcano that's teetering on the verge of eruption, bringing a host of added challenges to the game. [Read... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Memorial Day Weekend Sale: Take $300 off thes...
Apple resellers are offering $300 discounts on select 16″ MacBook Pros as part of their Memorial Day Weekend 2020 sales. Prices start at $2099: – 16″ 2.6GHz 6-Core Space Gray MacBook Pro: $2099 at... Read more
Best Memorial Day Weekend 2020 Apple AirPods...
Apple resellers are offering discounts ranging up to $50 off MSRP on AirPods as part of their Memorial Day Weekend 2020 sales. These are the best deals today on various AirPods models. See our... Read more
Memorial Day Weekend Sale: 10″ Apple iPads fo...
Amazon is offering new 10.2″ iPads for $80-$100 off Apple’s MSRP as part of their Memorial Day Weekend 2020 sale, with prices starting at only $249. These are the same iPads sold by Apple in their... Read more
Memorial Day Weekend Sale: 2020 Apple iPhone...
Sprint is offering Apple’s new 2020 64GB iPhone SE for $0 per month for 18 months as part of their Memorial Day Weekend 2020 sale. New line of service and trade-in required. Offer is valid from 5/22/... Read more
Amazon’s popular $100 Apple Watch Series 5 di...
Amazon has Apple Watch Series 5 GPS + Cellular models on sale for up to $100 off Apple’s MSRP today. Shipping is free. These are the same Apple Watch models sold by Apple in their retail and online... Read more
2020 13″ 4-Core MacBook Air on sale for $949,...
Apple reseller Adorama has the new 2020 13″ 1.1GHz 4-Core Space Gray MacBook Air on sale today for $949 shipped. Their price is $50 off Apple’s MSRP, and it’s the lowest price currently available for... Read more
Apple Retail Chief Announces Staggered Reopen...
NEWS: 05.20.20 – In the midst of a global pandemic, after its retail outlets were shuttered temporarily in mid-March as a mitigation measure enacted by Apple during the peak of the spread of COVID-19... Read more
Apple’s Pro Display XDR models in stock today...
Abt Electronics has Apple’s new 32″ Pro Display XDR models in stock and on sale today for up to $305 off MSRP. Shipping is free. Their prices are currently the lowest available for these new models... Read more
Apple restocks refurbished iPhone 8 for $339
Apple has restocked Apple Certified Refurbished 64GB iPhone 8 models for only $339. Apple dropped their price on this phone last month by $160, from $499 to $339. Each refurbished iPhone comes with a... Read more
New at AT&T: 50% off iPhone 11 for new cu...
AT&T is offering a 50% off the 64GB iPhone 11 for new customers who switch to AT&T and open a new line of service. Discount applied over a 30 month period The fine print: “iPhone 11 64GB for... Read more

Jobs Board

Cub Foods - *Apple* Valley - Now Hiring Par...
Cub Foods - Apple Valley - Now Hiring Part Time! United States of America, Minnesota, Apple Valley New Retail Operations Post Date 5 days ago Requisition # Read more
Senior Data Engineer - *Apple* - Theorem, L...
Job Summary Apple is seeking an experienced, detail-minded data engineeringconsultant to join our worldwide business development and strategy team. If you are Read more
Cub Foods - *Apple* Valley - Now Hiring Par...
Cub Foods - Apple Valley - Now Hiring Part Time! United States of America, Minnesota, Apple Valley New Retail Operations Post Date 4 days ago Requisition # Read more
Medical Screener - *Apple* Hill - Evenings...
Medical Screener - Apple Hill - Evenings Tracking Code D-MS-AH-E Job Description Medical Screener - Temporary We Are Hiring: WellSpan Health has a temporary Medical Read more
*Apple* Systems Administrator - Solidus Tech...
Solidus is searching for an Apple Systems Engineer. The engineer will be responsible for desktop and server infrastructure. This includes support for operating Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.