TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Shapes in Quickdraw
Volume Number:2
Issue Number:12
Column Tag:ABC's of C

Drawing Shapes with Quickdraw

By Bob Gordon , Contributing Editor

One problem with writing software is that friends often want to know what it does. With most of these columns, frankly, there has not been much to show. This time, though, you can use the mouse to draw some simple shapes on the screen. Of course your friends will point out that MacDraw does everything we're going to do, and much better, too. But this one, we did ourselves, and that makes all the difference!

QuickDraw Shapes and Operations

QuickDraw can draw a number of shapes. This month we are going to cover only the simple shapes. (I define simple shapes as those that can be drawn directly without first defining what the shape is.) The simple shapes are:

Rectangles

Ovals (ellipses and circles)

Round-cornered rectangles

Arcs and wedges

To this list we could also add lines. The functions to draw these shapes are built into the Mac's ROM.

In drawing the shape, QuickDraw can do a number of different operations:

Frame draws a hollow outline

Paint fills the shape with the current grafPort's pen pattern and mode.

Erase fills the shape with the background pattern

Invert inverts all pixels within the shape: black becomes white and white becomes black

Fill fills the shapes with a specified pattern.

In general, these operations work identically for all the shapes. The shape is drawn, and the pen's location is not changed. Except for Fill, the operations require only the information needed to define the shape. Fill also needs to know the pattern to use. Since we have no easy way to select a pattern (we haven't done custom menus yet, so we haven't made a pattern selection menu), this operation will not be used.

The Toolbox supplies a separate function for each shape and operation. There are, for example, five functions to draw rectangles:FrameRect(), PaintRect(), EraseRect(), InvertRect(), and FillRect(). I wanted to select the shape and operation from menus and then draw with the mouse as with MacDraw.

Fig. 1 Our Drawing Program

Alternative Designs

One way to do this (assuming we had the menus built) would be to use a switch (case) statement based on the shape and operation:

switch (shape)
 case rect:
 switch (operation)
  case Frame:
  case Paint:
  case Erase:
  case Invert:
  case Fill:
  case oval:
 switch (operation)
 
 et cetera 

This is a sort of brute force method. It would work, but it involves several pages of code to make a couple of simple selections.

Another approach is to take advantage of C's ability to pass and use pointers to functions. To do this we obtain the addresses of the functions and arrange them in a double subscripted array. The problem of selection reduces to a problem of indexing into the array.

Pointers to Functions

Just as we can get the address of a variable and then assign a pointer to it, we can get the address of a function, assign a pointer to it and use the pointer to access the function. Kernighan and Ritchie discuss this on page 114.

There are several step in using a pointer to a function. First, to get the address of a function, just use the name of the function without the parentheses. If fr_rect() is a function, fr_rect will be the address of the of the function. To use a function in this manner we must create a variable that is a pointer to a function. The following line does this:

 short  (*drfunc)();

This rather strange looking line declares drfunc to be a pointer to a function that returns a short. Note that the parentheses around *afunc are required. Without them we would have:

 short  *drfunc();

a function that returns a pointer to a short. I could not use this declaration directly in the program but had to use a typedef:

 typedef short (*drfunc)();

Once this type is established, we can define some variables. In the program there is a variable, draw.

 drfunc draw;

For the moment assume that draw points to a function (it has been assigned a value). To use draw we do the following:

 (*draw)(par1,par2);

Again, the parentheses are needed to indicate that draw is a pointer to a function and we want to execute the function it points to. (Without the parentheses draw would be a function that returns a pointer). It is important to pass the proper number of variables. Since the call to the function is made through a pointer, compilers can do very little checking.

The Drawing Functions

I had originally hoped to avoid writing a bunch of drawing functions, but this plan changed. First, Lightspeed C does not allow us to take the address of Toolbox functions. They even have a special error message. This probably has to do with how they access the Toolbox and make the translation from C to Pascal calling conventions. This meant I would need at least a surround function for each Toolbox routine I wished to use.

Secondly, I wanted to draw lines in the same way as the other shapes. Since the Toolbox does not handle lines as shapes, I would have to do it myself. This was complicated by the fact that the initial versions of these functions expected to receive rectangles. Rectangles are used to define all the shapes. With lines, though, it meant taking apart the rectangle, figuring out which corner was the beginning, and keeping track of it. Needless to say, the line functions got very strange looking. To simplify the line functions, all the functions now receive two points. This had the side benefit of simplifying the oval functions, but it required that the surround routines create a rectangle before calling the Toolbox function.

The other requirement for accessing the function via a pointer is that all the functions must receive the same number of parameters. In addition to a rectangle, the round rectangle functions get two parameters describing the oval width and height used in drawing the rounded corner. These are fixed at 20. (Do try varying these. I was able to make some very ugly rounded rectangles). The arcs receive a start angle and the number of degress of angle to move (arcAngle in Toolbox terms). I fixed the arc angle at 90°. The start angle and the sign of the arc angle are adjusted as necessary to make the arc move correctly. These arcs were modeled after the ones in MacDraw.

The result of all this is a single function, drdraw(), that draws all the simple shapes under mouse control!

Speaking of the Mouse

Another addition to the program this month is the code that changes the cursor. While it is not yet complete (it doesn't know about the window borders where the controls would go), it does change the cursor as the mouse moves around. AdjustCursor() receives a pointer to a window record as a parameter and sets the cursor to the crosshairs (cursor number two) if the mouse is in the window and to the arrow if the mouse is not. The arrow cursor itself is not one of the four standard cursors but is defined in Quickdraw.h. AdjustCursor() is called once each time through the event loop.

There are two other points that deserve some mention. One is that several sets of coordinates can be active at once. GetMouse(), for example, returns the mouse's position relative to the current or active window. The window's boundaries, however, are defined in terms of the screen or global coordinates. The functions LocalToGlobal() and GlobalToLocal() will switch a point's coordinate system. Without the switch, the cursor changes magically out in the middle of the screen.

Next Time

We only did the simple shapes this time. I decided to wait on the others pending a discussion of the memory manager. Many of the functions we have used so far make use of the memory manager, and to do some things, we must be able to grab bits of memory. After that (I expect the program to be very brief - just long enough to demonstrate the operation) we'll return to Quickdraw and draw some more shapes.

The Program

/* abc.h 
 *
 * Local definitions to improve readability
 *
 */*
 
#defineTrue 1
#define False    0
#define Nil 0
#define and &&
#define or||
#define not !
#define equals   ==
#define notequal !=

/* unsigned char,longs, shorts
 * (unsigned longs may not be 
 *  available with all compilers
 */
#define uchar    unsigned char
#define ushort   unsigned short
#define ulong    unsigned long

/* General purpose external routines */

extern  char*CtoPstr(); /* String conversion routines */
extern  char*PtoCstr(); /* return a pointer to a char */


/*  Quickdraw Drawing Program
 *    Shows off basic quickdraw shapes
 * and operations.
 * By Bob Gordon for MacTutor.
 * Compiled with LightspeedC
 *
 * Important note for Mac C users:
 * Every place you see event->where,
 * replace it with &event->where
 */
 #include "abc.h"
 #include "Quickdraw.h"
 #include "EventMgr.h"  /* Events.h */
 #include "WindowMgr.h" /* Window.h */
 #include "MenuMgr.h"/* Menu.h */
 /* defines for menu ID's */
 #defineMdesk    100
 #defineMfile    101
 #defineMedit    102
 #defineMshape 103
 #defineMop 104
 /* File */
 #defineiNew1
 #defineiClose 2
 #defineiQuit    3
 /* Edit */
 #defineiUndo    1
 #defineiCut3
 #defineiCopy    4
 #defineiPaste 5
 
 /* Global variables */
 
 MenuHandle menuDesk;/* menu handles */
 MenuHandle menuFile;
 MenuHandle menuEdit;
 MenuHandle menuShape;
 MenuHandle menuOp;
 WindowPtrtheWindow;
 WindowRecord  windowRec;
 Rect   dragbound;
 Rect   limitRect;
 
main()
{
 initsys(); /* system initialization */
 initapp(); /* application initialization */
 eventloop();
}

/* system initialization */
initsys() 
{
 InitGraf(&thePort); /* these two lines done */
 InitFonts();    /* automatically by Mac C */
 InitWindows();
 InitCursor();
 InitMenus();
 theWindow = Nil;/*indicates no window */
 SetRect(&dragbound,0,0,512,250);
 SetRect(&limitRect,60,40,508,244);
}

/* application initialization  */
initapp()
{
 setupmenu();
 drinit();
}

setupmenu()
{
 menuDesk = NewMenu(Mdesk,CtoPstr("\24"));
 AddResMenu (menuDesk, 'DRVR');
 InsertMenu (menuDesk, 0);
 
 menuFile = NewMenu(Mfile, CtoPstr("File"));
 AppendMenu (menuFile,CtoPstr("New/N;Close;Quit/Q"));
 InsertMenu (menuFile, 0);
 
 menuEdit = NewMenu(Medit, CtoPstr("Edit"));
 AppendMenu (menuEdit,CtoPstr("(Undo/Z;(-;(Cut/X;( Copy/C;( Paste/V;(Clear"));
 InsertMenu (menuEdit, 0);
 
 menuShape = NewMenu(Mshape, CtoPstr("Shape"));
 AppendMenu (menuShape,CtoPstr("Line;Rectangle; Oval;Round Rectangle;Arc"));
 InsertMenu (menuShape, 0);
 
 menuOp = NewMenu(Mop, CtoPstr("Operation"));
 AppendMenu (menuOp,CtoPstr("Frame;Paint; Erase;Invert;"));
 InsertMenu (menuOp, 0);
 DrawMenuBar();
}
 
/* Event Loop */
eventloop()
{
 EventRecordtheEvent;
 char   c;
 short  windowcode;
 WindowPtrww;

 while(True)
 {
 if (theWindow)      
 { 
 EnableItem(menuFile,2);  
 DisableItem(menuFile,1);
 AdjustCursor(theWindow);
 }
 else   
 { 
 EnableItem(menuFile,1);
 DisableItem(menuFile,2);
 }
 if (GetNextEvent(everyEvent,&theEvent))
 switch(theEvent.what)  
 { 
 case keyDown:   
 c = theEvent.message & charCodeMask;
 if (theEvent.modifiers & cmdKey)
 domenu(MenuKey(c));
 else if (theWindow)
 break;
 case mouseDown:
 domousedown(&theEvent);
 break;
 default:
 break;
 } 
 }
}

/* Arrow or Plus Cursor shape */
AdjustCursor(w)
 WindowRecord  *w;
{
 Point  pt;
 CursHandle curs;
 
 GetMouse(&pt);
 LocalToGlobal(&pt);
 if (PtInRgn(pt,w->contRgn))
 {
 curs = (Cursor **)GetCursor(2); 
 SetCursor(*curs); 
 }
 else
 {
 SetCursor(&arrow);
 }
}

/* domousedown
 * handle mouse down events
 */
domousedown(er)
 EventRecord*er;
{
 short  windowcode;
 WindowPtrwhichWindow;
 short  ingo;
 long   size;
 long   newsize;
 RgnPtr rp;
 Rect   box;
 Rect   *boxp;
 
 windowcode = FindWindow(er->where, 
 &whichWindow);
 switch (windowcode)
 {
 case inDesk:
 if (theWindow notequal 0)
 {
 HiliteWindow(theWindow, False);
 DrawGrowIcon(theWindow);
 }
 break;
 case inMenuBar:
 domenu(MenuSelect(er->where));
 break;
 case inSysWindow:
 SysBeep(1);
 break;
 case inContent:
 if (whichWindow equals theWindow)
 {
 HiliteWindow(whichWindow,True);
 DrawGrowIcon(whichWindow);
 drdraw(whichWindow);
 }
 break;
 case inDrag:
 DragWindow(whichWindow, 
   er->where, &dragbound);
 DrawGrowIcon(whichWindow);
 break;
 case inGrow:
 break;
 case inGoAway:
 ingo = TrackGoAway(whichWindow,er->where);
 if (ingo)
 {
 CloseWindow(whichWindow);
 theWindow = Nil;
 }
 break;
 }
}

/* domenu
 * handles menu activity
 * simply a dispatcher for each
 * menu.
 */
domenu(mc)
 long   mc; /* menu result */
{
 short  menuId;
 short  menuitem;

 menuId = HiWord(mc);
 menuitem = LoWord(mc);
 switch (menuId)
 {
 case Mdesk : break;
 /* not handling DA's */
 case Mfile : dofile(menuitem);
  break;
 case Medit : /* all disabled */
  break;
 case Mshape: doshape(menuitem);
  break;
 case Mop   : dooper(menuitem);
  break;
 }
 HiliteMenu(0);
}

doshape(item)
 short  item;
{
 static short  lastitem;
 
 CheckItem (menuShape,lastitem,False);
 CheckItem (menuShape,item,True);
 lastitem = item;
 drshape(item);
}

dooper(item)
 short  item;
{
 static short  lastitem;
 
 CheckItem (menuOp, lastitem,False);
 CheckItem (menuOp, item, True);
 if (item == 5)
 {
   item = 0;
   SysBeep(1);
   }
 droper(lastitem = item);
}

dofile(item)
 short  item;
{
 char   *title1; /*title for window */
 Rect   boundsRect;
 
 switch (item)
 {
 case iNew :/* open the window */
 title1 = "ABC Window";
 SetRect(&boundsRect,50,50,400,200);
 theWindow = NewWindow(&windowRec, &boundsRect,CtoPstr(title1), True, 
documentProc,
(WindowPtr) -1, True, 0);
 DrawGrowIcon(theWindow);
 PtoCstr(title1);
 DisableItem(menuFile,1);
 EnableItem(menuFile,2);
 break;
 case iClose :   /* close the window */
 CloseWindow(theWindow);
 theWindow = Nil;
 DisableItem(menuFile,2);
 EnableItem(menuFile,1);
 break;
 case iQuit :    /* Quit */
 ExitToShell();
 break; 
 }
}



/* 
 * dr.c
 * drawing routines
 */
 #include "abc.h"
 #include "quickdraw.h"
 #include "windowMgr.h"
 
struct shapes
 {
 short  kind;
 Rect size;
 short  oper;
 };
 
struct shapes    shapa[20];
short   shapdx;

fr_line(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 MoveTo(startpt.h,startpt.v);
 LineTo(endpt.h,endpt.v);
}

fr_rect(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 Rect rt;
 Pt2Rect(startpt,endpt,&rt);
 FrameRect(&rt);
}

fr_oval(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 Rect rt;
 Pt2Rect(startpt,endpt,&rt);
 FrameOval(&rt);
}

fr_rort(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 Rect rt;
 Pt2Rect(startpt,endpt,&rt);
 FrameRoundRect(&rt,20,20);
}


fr_arc(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 Rect rt;
 Rect trt;
 short  sa;
 short  aa;
 Pt2Rect(startpt,endpt,&rt);
 cp_arc(&rt,&trt,&sa,&aa);
 FrameArc (&trt,sa,aa);
}

cp_arc(irt,ort,startangle,arcangle)
 Rect *irt;
 Rect *ort;
 short  *startangle;
 short  *arcangle;
{
 short  dh;
 short  dv;
 static Point  anchor;
 dh = irt->right - irt->left;
 dv = irt->bottom - irt->top;
 if (not (dh | dv))
 {
 anchor.v = irt->top;
 anchor.h = irt->left;
 }
 *ort = *irt;
 if (irt->left equals anchor.h)
 if (irt->top < anchor.v)
 {
 ort->left -= dh;
 ort->top -= dv;
 *startangle = 180;
 *arcangle = -90;
 }
 else
 {
 ort->left -= dh;
 ort->bottom += dv;
 *startangle = 0;
 *arcangle = 90;
 }
 else
 if (irt->top < anchor.v)
 {
 ort->top -= dv;
 ort->right += dh;
 *startangle = 180;
 *arcangle = 90;
 }
 else
 {
 ort->right += dh;
 ort->bottom += dv;
 *startangle = 0;
 *arcangle = - 90;
 }
}

er_line(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 GrafPtrgp;
 Patterntpat;
 GetPort(&gp);
 BlockMove(gp->pnPat,&tpat,8);
 PenPat(gp->bkPat);
 MoveTo(startpt.h,startpt.v);
 LineTo(endpt.h,endpt.v);
 PenPat(&tpat);
}

er_rect(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 Rect rt;
 Pt2Rect(startpt,endpt,&rt);
 EraseRect(&rt);
}

er_oval(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 Rect rt;
 Pt2Rect(startpt,endpt,&rt);
 EraseOval(&rt);
}

er_rort(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 Rect rt;
 Pt2Rect(startpt,endpt,&rt);
 EraseRoundRect(&rt,20,20);
}

er_arc(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 Rect rt;
 Rect trt;
 short  sa;
 short  aa;
 
 Pt2Rect(startpt,endpt,&rt);
 cp_arc(&rt,&trt,&sa,&aa);
 EraseArc (&trt,sa,aa);
}

pt_line(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 GrafPtrgp;
 Patterntpat;
 
 MoveTo(startpt.h,startpt.v);
 LineTo(endpt.h,endpt.v);
}

pt_rect(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 Rect rt;
 
 Pt2Rect(startpt,endpt,&rt);
 PaintRect(&rt);
}

pt_oval(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 Rect rt;
 
 Pt2Rect(startpt,endpt,&rt);
 PaintOval(&rt);
}

pt_rort(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 Rect rt;
 
 Pt2Rect(startpt,endpt,&rt);
 PaintRoundRect(&rt,20,20);
}

pt_arc(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 Rect rt;
 Rect trt;
 short  sa;
 short  aa;
 
 Pt2Rect(startpt,endpt,&rt);
 cp_arc(&rt,&trt,&sa,&aa);
 PaintArc (&trt,sa,aa);
}

in_line(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 GrafPtrgp;
 short  tpnMode;
 
 GetPort(&gp);
 tpnMode = gp->pnMode;
 PenMode(patXor);
 MoveTo(startpt.h,startpt.v);
 LineTo(endpt.h,endpt.v);
 PenMode(tpnMode);
}

in_rect(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 Rect rt;
 
 Pt2Rect(startpt,endpt,&rt);
 InvertRect(&rt);
}

in_oval(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 Rect rt;
 
 Pt2Rect(startpt,endpt,&rt);
 InvertOval(&rt);
}

in_rort(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 Rect rt;
 
 Pt2Rect(startpt,endpt,&rt);
 InvertRoundRect(&rt,20,20);
}

in_arc(startpt,endpt)
 Point  startpt,endpt;
{
 Rect rt;
 Rect trt;
 short  sa;
 short  aa;
 
 Pt2Rect(startpt,endpt,&rt);
 cp_arc(&rt,&trt,&sa,&aa);
 InvertArc (&trt,sa,aa);
}
 
typedef short  (*drfunc)();
drfunc  a[][5] = {fr_line,fr_rect,fr_oval,fr_rort,fr_arc,
 pt_line,pt_rect,pt_oval,pt_rort,pt_arc,
 er_line, er_rect,er_oval, er_rort,er_arc,
  in_line,in_rect,in_oval, in_rort,in_arc};
drinit()
{
 short  i;
 for (i = 0; i < 20; shapa[i++].kind = 0)
 ;
 shapdx = 0;
}
drshape(code)
 short  code;
{
 shapa[shapdx].kind = code;
}
droper(code)
 short  code;
{
 shapa[shapdx].oper = code;
}
drsize(r)
 Rect *r;
{
 shapa[shapdx].size = *r;
}
drdraw(w)
 WindowRecord  *w;
{
 Point  startpt;
 Point  thispt;
 Point  endpt;
 Point  lastpt;
 Rect   thisrt;
 Rect   lastrt;
 GrafPtrport;
 drfunc frame;
 drfunc draw;
 short  angle;
 short  dv,dh;
 Point  sp;
 Point  tp;
 Point  lp;
 short  shapx;
 short  operx;
 
 SetPort((GrafPtr)w);
 GetMouse(&startpt);
 lastpt = startpt;
 PenMode(patXor);
 PenPat(gray);
 shapx = shapa[shapdx].kind - 1;
 operx = shapa[shapdx].oper - 1;
 if ((shapx < 0) or (operx < 0))   /* to prevent trying */
 return;/* to use unselected items */
 frame = a[0][shapx];/* get address of frame func */
 draw  = a[operx][shapx]; /* get addr of shape/oper func */
 do{
 GetMouse(&endpt);
 thispt = endpt;
 LocalToGlobal(&endpt);
 if (PtInRgn(endpt,w->contRgn) and 
 not EqualPt(thispt,lastpt))
 {
 (*frame)(startpt,lastpt);
 (*frame)(startpt,thispt);
 lastpt = thispt;
 }
 }
 while (StillDown());
 (*frame)(startpt,thispt);
 PenMode(patCopy);
 PenPat(black);
 (*draw)(startpt,thispt); 
}

abs(num)
 short  num;
{
 if (num < 0 )
 return -num;
 return num;
/* num < 0 ? return -num : return num ;*/
}   
 

Community Search:
MacTech Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Pinegrow 6.23 - Mockup and design web pa...
Pinegrow (was Pinegrow Web Designer) is desktop app that lets you mockup and design webpages faster with multi-page editing, CSS and LESS styling, and smart components for Bootstrap, Foundation,... Read more
WhatsApp 2.2149.4 - Desktop client for W...
WhatsApp is the desktop client for WhatsApp Messenger, a cross-platform mobile messaging app which allows you to exchange messages without having to pay for SMS. WhatsApp Messenger is available for... Read more
Microsoft Remote Desktop 10.7.4 - Connec...
Microsoft Remote Desktop for Mac is an application that allows connecting to virtual apps or another PC remotely. Discover the power of Windows with Remote Desktop designed to help you manage your... Read more
ffWorks 2.6.7 - Convert multimedia files...
ffWorks, focused on simplicity, brings a fresh approach to the use of FFmpeg, allowing you to create ultra-high-quality movies without the need to write a single line of code on the command-line.... Read more
Opera 82.0.4227.58 - High-performance We...
Opera is a fast and secure browser trusted by millions of users. With the intuitive interface, Speed Dial and visual bookmarks for organizing favorite sites, news feature with fresh, relevant content... Read more
Day One 6.15 - Maintain a daily journal.
Day One is an easy, great-looking way to use a journal / diary / text-logging application. Day One is well designed and extremely focused to encourage you to write more through quick Menu Bar entry,... Read more
Default Folder X 5.6.3 - Enhances Open a...
Default Folder X attaches a toolbar to the right side of the Open and Save dialogs in any OS X-native application. The toolbar gives you fast access to various folders and commands. You just click on... Read more
OmniOutliner Pro 5.9.2 - Pro version of...
OmniOutliner Pro is a flexible program for creating, collecting, and organizing information. Give your creativity a kick start by using an application that's actually designed to help you think. It's... Read more
OmniOutliner Essentials 5.9.2 - Organize...
OmniOutliner Essentials (was OmniOutliner) is a flexible program for creating, collecting, and organizing information. Give your creativity a kick start by using an application that's actually... Read more
QuickBooks 19.0.11.984 - Financial manag...
QuickBooks helps you manage your business easily and efficiently. Organize your finances all in one place, track money going in and out of your business, and spot areas where you can save. Built for... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

The Best Wordle Clone in Town – The Touc...
In this week’s episode of The TouchArcade Show we dig into the drama of the moment which is the cloning and subsequent gloating about the cloning of the lovely little free word game Wordle. This leads into some additional drama about how PUGB Mobile... | Read more »
TouchArcade Game of the Week: ‘Cards Inf...
There’s nothing I love more than a perfect mobile game. What do I mean by that? Well, no game is actually perfect, but there’s something special about a game you know you can just whip out at a moment’s notice and dive into, and you know it will... | Read more »
‘Micro RPG’ Bringing Streamlined RPG Goo...
Originally announced on our forums more than 3 years ago, Micro RPG is an upcoming mobile game from a two-person studio that goes by the name JoliYeti Games and, as the title implies, it looks to offer all the fun of an RPG but in a more condensed... | Read more »
SwitchArcade Round-Up: ‘Kensei: The Seco...
Hello gentle readers, and welcome to the SwitchArcade Round-Up for January 14th, 2022. Yesterday was a big day, but today shows that we’re still warming up the engines for this year. There are a handful of new releases, but nothing nearly as... | Read more »
Mobile MMORPG Shooter ‘Avatar: Reckoning...
Archosaur Games, Tencent, Lightstorm Entertainment, and Disney have just revealed a mobile MMORPG shooter Avatar: Reckoning. Avatar: Reckoning will be published by Level Infinite when it hits iOS and Android. It is an official Avatar game developed... | Read more »
‘Crashlands+’ Is Out Now on Apple Arcade...
The brilliant Crashlands from Butterscotch Shenanigans was confirmed to arrive on Apple Arcade as an App Store Great in the form of Crashlands+ () a little while ago and it has just released worldwide. If it isn’t live yet, it should roll out in... | Read more »
SwitchArcade Round-Up: ‘Eschatos’, ‘To B...
Hello gentle readers, and welcome to the SwitchArcade Round-Up for January 13th, 2022. It’s a Thursday, and we’ve got a pretty hefty bag of new releases to dig into. There are always some fun surprises, and this week that came in the form of SNK Vs... | Read more »
‘Crush the Castle Legacy Collection’ Lau...
Ever since Angry Birds broke into the mainstream and became a household name more than a decade ago, there’s always been a small niche of people on the sidelines who would pipe up to remind everybody that “Crush the Castle did it first!" Indeed, the... | Read more »
Non-Violent Stealth Game ‘El Hijo – A Wi...
Over a year ago, Handy Games brought the non-violent stealth game El Hijo – A Wild West Tale to Switch, PS4, Xbox, PC, and Stadia. El Hijo – A Wild West Tale has been developed by Honig Studios and Quantumfrog. You play as El Hijo, a six year old,... | Read more »
‘ZED BLADE’ from SNK and Hamster Is Out...
After a bit of a break likely due to the holiday season, we’ve gotten a new title in the ACA NeoGeo series on iOS and Android. SNK and Hamster originally brought the series to mobile with Samurai Shodown IV, Alpha Mission II, and Metal Slug 5.... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Get an Apple Watch Series 7 for $50 off MSRP,...
Amazon has Apple Watch Series 7 models on sale for $50 off MSRP including free shipping. Their prices are the lowest available for Apple Watch Series 7 models today: – 41mm Apple Watch Series 7 GPS... Read more
Here are the details of Apple’s 2022 Educatio...
Need a new Apple Mac or iPad for school? Whether you’re a student, teacher, or staff member, you can use your .edu email address when ordering at Apple Education to take up to $400 off the price of a... Read more
Amazon is blowing out 2020 21″ iMacs for only...
Amazon has clearance 2020 21″ iMacs (2.3GHz Dual-Core i5, 8GB RAM, 256GB SSD) on sale right now for $599.99 including free shipping. Original MSRP for this model was $1099. Amazon expects delivery in... Read more
Find the best deal on an Apple MacBook using...
In the market for a new 13″ MacBook Air, 13″ MacBook Pro, 14″ MacBook Pro, or 16″ MacBook Pro with M1, M1 Pro, or M1 Max Apple Silicon? Use our Apple award-winning and exclusive price trackers to... Read more
Red Pocket Mobile is offering the Apple iPhon...
Switch to Red Pocket Mobile and get an Apple iPhone 13 Pro for $50 off MSRP, plus get free 6 months of Unlimited nationwide 5G service with the purchase of any iPhone 13. Red Pocket Mobile is a... Read more
24″ M1 iMacs on sale for $1249, $50 off Apple...
Amazon has base 24″ M1 iMacs (8-Core CPU/7-Core GPU/8GB RAM/256GB SSD) on sale today for $1249 shipped. Their price is $50 off Apple’s MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for a new 24″ M1 iMac... Read more
Open-Box 16″ M1 Pro MacBook Pros available fo...
QuickShip Electronics has open-box return 16″ M1 Pro MacBook Pros in stock and on sale for $200-$300 off MSRP on their eBay store right now with free express delivery. According to QuickShip, “The... Read more
Stock Alert! Order a new 16″ M1 Pro MacBook P...
New 16″ MacBook Pros with Apple’s M1 Pro and M1 Max CPUs have been very hard to find, largely due to current global supply constraints. However, B&H Photo is reporting stock of Space Gray... Read more
Apple has maxed-out 13″ M1 MacBook Airs (16GB...
Save $250 on maxed-out 13″ M1 MacBook Airs today at Apple (16GB RAM/1TB SSD) with Certified Refurbished models available for $1399 in Space Gray and Gold colors. Regular price for this configuration... Read more
New promo at Xfinity Mobile: $400 off any App...
Xfinity Mobile is offering any new Apple iPhone for $400 off MSRP for new customers. This includes the iPhone 13. Price for the phone, including the discount, is spread monthly over a 24 month term... Read more

Jobs Board

Registered Nurse (RN) Employee Health PSJH -...
…is calling for a Registered Nurse (RN) Employee Health PSJH to our location in Apple Valley, CA.** We are seeking a Registered Nurse (RN) Employee Health PSJH to be Read more
Systems Administrator - Pearson (United State...
…and troubleshoot Windows operating systems (workstation and server), laptop computers, Apple iPads, Chromebooks and printers** + **Administer and troubleshoot all Read more
IT Assistant Level 1- IT Desktop Support Anal...
…providing tier-1 or better IT help desk support in a large Windows and Apple environment * Experience using IT Service Desk Management Software * Knowledge of IT Read more
Human Resources Business Partner PSJH - Provi...
…**is calling a** **Human Resources Business Partner, PSJH** **to our location in Apple Valley, CA.** **Applicants that meet qualifications will receive a text with Read more
Manager Community Health Investment Programs...
…is calling a Manager Community Health Investment Programs PSJH to our location in Apple Valley, CA.** **Qualified candidates will be invited to do a self-paced video Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.